There were two large waves of European colonization. The first one occurred in the 15th and 16th century and the second one happened in the 18th and 19th century. Though these two waves share several common aspects, such as their treatment of the colonized people and their justification for colonization, they differed in the technology they utilized, the countries involved, and the economic gains.
In both waves of colonization, the treatment of the colonized people was very harsh. In the 16th century, Spain gained control over vast areas in North America, now known as Mexico. There, they wiped out villages of people and enslaved the survivors. The remaining natives were taken to work on haciendas. There, they were treated brutally; the Spanish overworked and abused them. Like the Spanish, the English dominated China in the 19th century. They developed an opium trade with China and quickly began to profit from it. While the English were profiting, many of the Chinese became addicted. When asked to stop the trade by the Chinese emperor, the British refused. As a result, thousands of addicted Chinese continued to ingest this drug and died.
In both periods, the people in power abused the colonized for their own profit. The Spanish massacred thousands to gain more land and slaves. The English developed a huge trade of opium that was very profitable for them. In both situations, their actions were done for their own benefits st the expense of others.
This outlook in relations between countries still exists today. Countries continue to abuse less developed countries for economic purposes. For example, in present day Nigeria, there are many children who are working illegally. Against child labor laws, they harves...
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The countries participating also differed, in the 15th and 16th century the countries that were colonizers were Spain, France, Portugal, and Britain. By the second wave of colonization, France and Britain were the only ones that remained. However, the United States, Italy, Belgium, Germany, and Russia also joined.
The geographic focus during the two eras was very different. During the first wave of colonization, the Europeans focused, with the exception of the Americas, on colonizing coasts and islands. Throughout Africa and Asia, they claimed land close to water, such as _____________________.
In the 18th and 19th century, European countries claimed areas more inland. They divided up sub-Saharan Africa and colonized South and Southeast Asia
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