Essay on The Colonization of Africa: 1880 to 1914

Essay on The Colonization of Africa: 1880 to 1914

Length: 887 words (2.5 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

The Scramble for Africa took place during the period of time around 1880 until 1914. During this time Africa found itself being split up and divided amongst several European countries. In essence Africa was like a fresh baked pie and everyone wanted a slice. Several factors were the cause of this major land grab being Nationalism, Imperialism and to say the least pure greed! The British were the more dominant entity in the scramble and their main interests in the beginning were to acquire and protect sea routes to India. As a result of the congress of Vienna they acquired the area of South Africa known as the cape colony. Soon after, Gold and Diamond were found north of this area and this steered their interests northward. This caused a need for a new railroad. One obstacle they had to deal with were the Dutch settlers known as the Boer’s who did not agree with British rule and had already been there long before they were. The railroad would pass thru some of their colonies and would eventually lead to the Boer wars. France had their hand in the cookie jar too. Their interests were primarily in Northwest Africa and their motives and trade commodities were slightly different. After being beat down by Prussia, France felt the need to redeem themselves, and acquiring parts of Africa to expand trade seemed like a great idea. They already had trade stations in this region from the slave days when slaves were being transported to America and their main interests were trading lumber and palm oils. France later controlled the island of Madagascar off the coast of South Africa and this gave them a much needed presence in the Indian Ocean. Germany entered the picture late in the game and almost missed out. They were ...

... middle of paper ...

... are among only a few of these benefits, but unlike Africa, there was not much bad to contrast the good in these countries as a result of their exploits,
A weak argument can be brought forth as to the good that colonial expansion brought to Africa; education was improved, trade was increased, the infant mortality rate decreased, the infrastructure was improved, and religion and western influence were introduced, these last two are very arguable as to the benefit, but these improvements no matter how large or small will always be overshadowed by the suffering, torture, death, and destruction caused by this colonization.

Works Cited

(1.)Koenig, Shulamith. "PDHRE: Slavery Convention." People's Movement for Human Rights Education. The People's Movement for Human Rights Education (PDHRE) / NY Office. 27 Nov. 2011

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Cuases of the Colonisation of Africa Essay

- The colonisation of Africa occurred in the late nineteenth century, when a small group of European powers became suddenly involved in a “territorial Partition of Africa”. In the time between 1880 and 1900, “90% of the territory of Africa was appropriated by a handful of European powers” . This event sparked an intense historical debate amongst historians as there have been multiple interpretations about the colonisation in Africa. The historical debate is between metropolitan theories (which focuses on the motivations of each European power), for example by Lenin and Hobson, the peripheral approach which looks at the African perspective....   [tags: africa's descolonisation,ajp taylor, imperialism]

Better Essays
1991 words (5.7 pages)

Essay on The Explanations For Europe 's Colonization Of Africa

- The explanations for Europe’s colonization of Africa, then, are as diverse and manifold as the conjectures of history will allow. It is likely that each supposition contains some elements of reality and holds some explanatory power. However, it is probably the combination of several suppositions that is best suited to capture the motivating factors. It becomes us to bear in mind that the conquest of Africa was not carried out by a monolithic entity with a single set of objectives. Consequently, the question “Why did Europe colonize Africa?” demands a thorough exploration of all factors, domestic and foreign, influencing a particular state’s conquest in a particular part of the African contin...   [tags: Africa, West Africa, Atlantic slave trade]

Better Essays
727 words (2.1 pages)

European Colonisation Of Africa During The 19th Century Essay

- In 1850, only a small chunk of Africa was governed by foreign rulers. By 1914, almost all African land was owned by European powers. The late 19th and early 20th centuries were a huge competition for land as European countries such as Britain, Germany, France, and Belgium competed to claim African land, and thus power and resources. After abolishing the slave trade, European countries continued to trade with Africa for various exotic resources. European businesses would often create treaties with African leaders to gain exclusive trading rights in a region....   [tags: Colonialism, Africa, Atlantic slave trade, Europe]

Better Essays
1096 words (3.1 pages)

Why Britain Expanded its Empire in Africa from 1880 to 1900 Essay

- Why Britain Expanded its Empire in Africa from 1880 to 1900 In 1875 the two most important European holdings in Africa were Algeria and the Colony. The Cape Colony was a lock up point for the British Trading Fleet en route from India and the Far East. By 1914 only Ethiopia and the republic of Liberia remained outside formal European control. The transition from an "informal empire" of control through economic dominance to direct control took the form of a "scramble" for territory by the nations of Europe....   [tags: Papers]

Better Essays
719 words (2.1 pages)

Essay on The Scramble for Africa

- What was the Scramble for Africa. The Scramble for Africa was a period of time where major European countries fought over and colonized land in Africa, stretching from South Africa to Egypt. The scramble for Africa began shortly after the slave trade, and ended at WW1, and is a strong representation of the ‘New Imperialism’. The first country to act was Belgium, who colonized Congo at 1885, but soon, other countries such as Portugal and Great Britain joined in in order to not miss out. Firstly, the European could not colonize Africa easily, due to Africa’s giant land mass and the diseases that spread throughout the land....   [tags: history, colonization, imperialism]

Better Essays
1166 words (3.3 pages)

How did Great Britain Influence and Impact South Africa during Colonization

- After British found out there were much mineral in South Africa, so British decided to fought with Germany, called Boer Battle. After took over Germany, British colonize South Africa for more than fifty years. During these years, South Africa change a lot, especially in Food, language, political system and clothing. First of all, food has very big changes. Before the Europeans came to South Africa, South Africans even do not often have poultry for meal, they often hunt the wild animals for meal....   [tags: south africa, zulu, boer battle]

Better Essays
595 words (1.7 pages)

Spanish Colonization And The New World Essay example

- Starting in 1492 with Columbus and continuing for 350 years, Spain settled and conquered almost all of South America, the American Southwest, and the Caribbean. The Spanish empire grew to be the largest European empire since ancient Rome, and it used the wealth that it obtained from the Americas to support nearly endless warfare in Europe, which protected the Americas with a large navy and a very powerful army and brought Catholicism to the New World. At this time, Spain saw the New World as unruly and uncivilized because most of the people there were pagan....   [tags: Colonialism, Spanish colonization of the Americas]

Better Essays
1257 words (3.6 pages)

The Negative Affects of Colonization of Africa Essay

- The Negative Affects of Colonization of Africa The article “The Supposed Benefits of Colonialism to Africa” denied all claims of Africa benefiting from colonization and strived to prove that colonists had a predominately negative affect on the continent. Europeans came to Africa to exploit the natives and use all of their rich natural resources to support capitalism. So, all of their decisions were made in the interest of the metropoles: medicine, transportation, and the banking system were no exception....   [tags: Papers]

Better Essays
461 words (1.3 pages)

The Colonization of Modern Africa Essay

- The Colonization of Modern Africa Many of today's distant countries are underdeveloped or not developed at all. People are going through famine and even dieing of starvation. These countries have demanding governments, and not enough money. Many countries with in Africa are just like this. The colonization of modern Africa has had many life changing effects on the people of Africa. Some of the effects of colonization are on the governments, the farming system, and the educational value. Colonization has greatly effected the governments of Africa....   [tags: Colonialism Imperialism]

Free Essays
347 words (1 pages)

The De-Colonization of Africa Essay

- The De-Colonization of Africa When a country such as South Africa, or for that matter most African nations, changes governing power, a sufficiently stable social basis is vital to the survival and consolidation of the new political system and transition to democracy. The history of the de-colonization of Africa forewarned South Africa allowing it to prepare for the ensuing changes it faced in the early nineties. South Africa made adequate reforms in its military in order to make the transition to democracy smooth, peaceful, and successful however despite its efforts many of the formal political changes in South Africa were not accompanied by sufficient social change....   [tags: Papers]

Better Essays
2904 words (8.3 pages)