The new ideologies that emerged with the independence of African countries came with the thoughts of educated African elites. For the “British administrators…the educated Africans before whom he felt uneasy,” (Crowder 1964, 204) one could assume this was due to the possibility of revolution. “In the course of colonization a new bourgeois class emerged in Africa composed of Africans who acquired Western education…the African bourgeois class…accepts the principles implicit in colonialism but it rejects the foreign personnel that ruled Africa” (Ekeh 1975, 96). While Ekeh does not refer to the African elites as “the bourgeois class” in his article, the two groups overlapped excessively, and it should be assumed that it was members of both classes that started the desire for self-governance.
One of the emerging ideologies was African nationalism. Nationalism is defined by Thomson as, “the desire that the nation should be housed in its own sovereign state, [and nation is not limited to borders], it is a collection of people bound together by common values and traditions, often sharing the same language, history and an affiliation to a geographical area” (Thomson 2010, 36). With that definition, African nationalism can be implied that the educate...
... middle of paper ...
...d the states remain solidified and united. “Nationalism has also triumphed in defending Africa’s new nations from separatist threats” (Thomson 2010, 47). Sadly some ideologies had pragmatic results. “The ideologies adopted tended to favour the interests of state elites, hampering political and economic expression in civil society” (Thomson 2010, 46). The ideologies were the source of some leading problems that surfaced in modern Africa. “Nationalism…may have helped maintain a degree of international stability on the African continent since independence, but the way it was applied to domestic public policy only resulted in a growing internal distrust between the governors and the governed” (Thomson 2010, 49). The new ideologies were birthed with the realization of independence, however corruption and a lack of transparency has debased their original intent.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- We often over look small particular visual and artistic choices made by directors in contemporary films today, but when analysing these decisions we can see that there is a definitive influence of style. For example the French New Wave or commonly known as La Nouvelle Vague, was created post world war II and although the main movement died out before the 70s, it still has an important place in the industry to this day. Its characteristics and techniques are unlike many seen before its time. The style motivated numerous directors throughout its wake as well as other cinema movements following its time in the spotlight.... [tags: French New Wave, Jean-Luc Godard]
1260 words (3.6 pages)
- The French New Wave, particularly the works of Jean Luc Godard, has an important in the history of modern cinema. The new sense of realism that came out of his works would change film as an art form for the rest of time. A group of trailblazing directors who formed there own critical school called Cahiers du Cinema, set a new form of filmmaking in motion in the mid 1950’s. André Bazin is one of the most well known of these critics. The new style of the “Nouvelle Vague” rejected the linear tropes of the hollywood films that preceded, bring about complex narratives drawing focus to the common man or woman.... [tags: French New Wave, Jean-Luc Godard, Film noir]
1149 words (3.3 pages)
- Sometime I think about the problems and effects that colonialism have caused in the whole world. Is it good or bad. “Colonialism has always had a bad reputation” (1). I suppose in essence, for the people being colonized, it cannot be a good thing. The world wide scramble for colonies, particularly in the late 19 early 20th centaury, had a tremendous negative effects on the economic, social, and political structures of indigenous, non-industrialized people. The idea of colonialism is to take resources from one country to use for the benefit of the colonizing country.... [tags: Colonialism]
1363 words (3.9 pages)
- The Fourth Wave Transition It was less that 100 years ago that women in the United States were granted the right to suffrage. America, a nation that was founded on the premise of representation for all its citizens, took nearly 150 years to grant half of it’s population the ability to be represented by their government. The road to suffrage was in no way an easy journey. Women across the world used any means necessary, often resorting to violence in order for their voice to be heard. In America, the first wave of feminism from 1860-1920 was just the beginning of a battle that is still being fought today (Hannam 2007, 49).... [tags: Feminism, Second-wave feminism, Feminist theory]
1635 words (4.7 pages)
- Colonialism’s scars in Latin America “The developed-developing relationship in many ways replaces the colonizer-colonized relationship. The idea of development is a way for rich countries to control and exploit the poor” (Silver, 2015). This describes what colonialism meant for Latin American countries when Spaniards came to “trade” with indigenous communities in the so called, ‘New World’. In the 1500’s when Iberians’ realized they were in an “undiscovered” land, they started to take control of lands, destroy native civilizations and introduce slavery.... [tags: United States, Latin America, Colonialism]
1002 words (2.9 pages)
- Colonialism is when a country overtakes other subjects or country in need for land, labor, and profit (Bernstein 242). It structured the economy because majority of colonies were formed based on capitalist needs. They needed profit and in turn decided to exploit the labor and land of other nations through power and control. Because of colonialism it led to new regimes of labor including forced labor (253). The foreign nations that controlled these new colonies took the indigenous people and forced them and used them as labor.... [tags: Colonialism, Slavery, Indigenous peoples, Colony]
1350 words (3.9 pages)
- Over the centuries, countries have sought to expand their spheres of influence, whether politically, economically, or socially. With the advent of technological advances such as the Industrial Revolution in the 18th century, colonial endeavors intensified as the world became increasingly interconnected. Countries were no longer confined to their neighboring territories as steam power reduced the distances to far-flung countries and increased their manufacturing output. In this essay, colonisation would refer to the process of subjugation by European powers in other parts of the world, notably in Africa and Asia, occurring mainly between the 18th and 20th century.... [tags: Colonialism, Postcolonialism, Edward Said, Colony]
1386 words (4 pages)
- The history of teaching English as a second language is filled with many different ideas that have been proven effective over time. An ESL teacher’s ideology, therefore, cannot be a composition of merely one of these ideologies; it must be a mixture of all of the ideas that work best for the teacher as an individual. As I am a newcomer to the realm of second language education, I know that my ideology will change. I am sure that I will have to shift my ideas to accommodate different types of students and different schools’ missions for their students.... [tags: English as a Second Language, Teaching]
1705 words (4.9 pages)
- Imperialism has been noted to be practice of foreign rule in a context of hierarchy and subordination, which can eventually lead to the formation of an empire. Imperialism refers directly to the enhancement of power and military superiority. At the time when developed nations were colonizing less developed nations around the 1870s, the age of Imperialism began. Referring to the time were nations such as the United States, Germany, and Japan began to employ imperialist doctrines to their governance, yet imperialist tendencies had been around for centuries.... [tags: Imperialism produces colonialism]
2499 words (7.1 pages)
- It is evident that not all young people are resilient when it comes to dealing with life's challenges, as it was displayed in the book The Wave' written by Morton Rhue. There were a majority of students who were not resilient with the wave and the challenges that emerged from it, such as Amy, Robert and David. The student that was surprisingly resilient was Laurie, who was also the main character of the story. Laurie was mentally and also physically strong at dealing with the consequences that upshot from the wave Such as the isolation from the entire school and her best friend, the break-up with her boyfriend and the discrimination and violence of being and as being an outsider'.... [tags: Rhue Wave]
1035 words (3 pages)