The attempt to homogenize Native Americans as a single people or culture is severely misguided. “At the time of their first contacts with Europeans at the beginning of the sixteenth century, the inhabitants of the Western Hemisphere represented over 2,000 separate cultures, spoke several hundred different languages, and made their living in scores of different environments.” (Faragher 2) These cultures may well share a common ancestor, however, this theoretical ancestor is near his descendents in neither time nor place. The proximity of the relationship in both regards is not altogether different than that of a theoretical ancestor to all Europeans. In addition to being a disparate group, the ‘Indians’ of Columbus’s ‘New World’ were part of highly advanced cultures. Groups throughout North America had made significant advances in farming, technology, politics, and gen...
... middle of paper ...
...cle was a major cause for the success. Without non-white peoples to conquer, Western Europe (and western civilization in general) would never have amassed the degree of wealth and power that allowed them to maintain both the façade of cultural superiority as well as political, economic, and military dominance that protected and insulated their reign.
Faragher, John M., Mari J. Buhle, Daniel Czitrom, and Susan H. Armitage. Out of Many. 6th ed. Vol. 1. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Prentice Hall, 2009. Print.
Andrea, Alfred J., and James H. Overfield. The Human Record: Sources of Global Hisotry. 6th ed. Vol. 2. New York: Houghton Mifflin, 2009. Print.
Axtell, James. "Colonial America without the Indians: Counterfactual Reflections." The Journal of American History 73.4 (1987): 981-96. JSTOR. Web. 21 Sept. 2009.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- The Importance of Women in the Colonial World Women's importance in the colonial world was an ever-changing process. They were seen as equals in early Native society but over the years women's roles have changed drastically. The books one has studied have great influence on how people view women in the past but others have little. Women have played a role from the earliest times even before written language, among the Natives, in their stories and legends of women beings.... [tags: Papers]
1866 words (5.3 pages)
- Overview How did the development of European colonies in the Americas alter the natural environment. (The Earth and Its Peoples, 474) The development of European colonies in the Americas drastically and permanently changed not only the environment of the New World, but also those of multiple countries around the globe. Many species of plants, animals, diseases, and races of people were dispersed throughout North and South America. Important Native American crops such as the potato and corn were brought back to the Old World of Europe and significantly changed diets and lifestyles there.... [tags: Factors of Transformation]
843 words (2.4 pages)
- British America was mired with economic and religious conflicts starting from the Age of Exploration up to the colonial times. The corruption of the Anglican Church created a rift between the Protestants of England, Puritans and the extreme Separatists. The Protestant Reformation and Henry VIII’s divorce with the Catholic Church gave rise to even more chaos. As a result, religious sects such as the Quakers and the Puritans were granted charters to escape the restrictions in England. Competition between Great Britain, Spain and the Dutch spurred the English Monarchs to seek for opportunities overseas.... [tags: Causes, Overview]
1014 words (2.9 pages)
- DBQ: Colonial New England and Chesapeake Regions The Chesapeake and New England regions were settled by people of English descent, but by 1700, they had become two distinctly different societies. They had evolved so differently, mainly because of the way that the settlers followed their religion, their way of conducting politics and demographics in the colonies. Even though the settlers came from the same homeland: England, each group had its own reasons for coming to the New World and different ideas planned for the colonies.... [tags: American History]
905 words (2.6 pages)
- African American Colonial Ways of Life Introduction: When the settlement of the new world began, conflict arose among European, African and Native American Cultures, all of these groups faced hardships. Europeans and African Americans did not have any survival skills and soon found that trading with the indians was their means for survival and profit. For the Native Americans this interaction presented them to many diseases that the colonists had brought over from England, these diseases vastly decreased the Native American population.... [tags: culture, racism, slavery, Rowlandson, bible]
1086 words (3.1 pages)
- Rise or Decline of Colonial Women Depending on nationality, ethnic, location, and religious classification women’s lives improved and declined in the Colonial Period. The natives, the Europeans found on arrival to the New World, held their women in the highest regard. This changed with the introduction of European ideals. African women taken from their homes and brought to the New World in the chains of slavery also led to a decline of living conditions. Some European nationalities, like the Dutch, had advanced living conditions until the arrival and subsequent conquer by the English.... [tags: Papers]
988 words (2.8 pages)
- Native American Colonial Colleges The first proposal for organized education of any kind in the American colonies concerned the education of Native Americans. In keeping with the prevailing ideology of colonial conquest that suggested a European obligation to ‘pacify’ and ‘civilize’ indigenous people, British Virginians petitioned the crown for funding to develop an Indian college within a decade of the first permanent settlement at Jamestown. Though the plans for the proposed college in Henrico were officially endorsed both by the Virginia Company in 1618 and King James, the goal of establishing an institution to educate the "‘Children of the Infidels’" (qtd in Wright 3) was to be ultimate... [tags: Education Learning Essays]
1333 words (3.8 pages)
- Colonial Jamestown In 1606 King James I set two companies, the London and the Plymouth, out with three instructions: find gold, find a route to the South Seas, and find the Lost Colony of Roanoke. Five months later, and forty-five men less, the London Company landed on a semi-island along the banks of a river the Indians knew as “Powhatan’s River”. On May 13, 1607, the first permanent British colony had been established in the form of a triangular fort. The men named their fort Jamestown, in honor of their King, and named their land Virginia, in honor or Queen Elizabeth I, the “Virgin Queen”.... [tags: Papers]
895 words (2.6 pages)
- Slavery was a practice in many countries in the 17th and 18th centuries, but its effects in human history was unique to the United States. Many factors played a part in the existence of slavery in colonial America; the most noticeable was the effect that it had on the personal and financial growth of the people and the nation. Capitalism, individualism and racism were the utmost noticeable factors during this most controversial period in American history. Other factors, although less discussed throughout history, also contributed to the economic rise of early American economy, such as, plantationism and urbanization.... [tags: American History]
998 words (2.9 pages)
- “Throughout the colonial period, economic concerns had more to do with the settling of British North America than did religious concerns.” According to this statement, both economic and religious reasons contributed to the founding of the thirteen colonies by the British in North America. The many people who settled in New England came there in search of religious freedom. Their hope was to escape the religious persecution they were facing in England, worship freely, and have the opportunity to choose which religion they wanted to take part in.... [tags: essays research papers]
728 words (2.1 pages)