Colombia: Guerrilla and Political Conflicts Essays

Colombia: Guerrilla and Political Conflicts Essays

Length: 2372 words (6.8 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Research Papers

Open Document

Essay Preview

During the fifties in Colombia, General Rojas Pinilla got to power through a putsch hoping to end the violence between the two historical political parties, the liberals and the conservatives. Both sides agreed an exchange of power between them each electoral period with totalitarian states. The violence seemed as if it was finally going to end but both sides also agreed another point, to abolish communism. The communist party thus was prohibited becoming an illegal institution. Some of its leaders gather at the south of the country and created guerrillas, they rapidly gained support and power because of its socialist flags that pleased the rural areas. The 11 of April, 1964 the governments acknowledges the existence of the guerrillas commanded by Jacobo Arenas and Pedro Antonio Marín known as “Manuel Marulanda” or “Tirofijo” as the armed wing of the communist party and starts the “Marquetalia” operation. During the combats aroused from this operation the FARC got their name in the second annual meeting of their leaders.
During the next decade the FARC grew slowly but defined their guidelines. These were basically a combination of all types of fighting, political and armed. Also, the EP initials signifying the people´s army were added to the name of the guerrilla adding weight to their social and communist flags. One interesting guideline was their rejection to drug dealing and all what involve this new arising phenomenon which would later mean a great historical contradiction with what they would evolve to be.
Later, in the 90´s they would consolidate their political status with the creation of the political party the Patriotic Union, UP. The party was created after a peace negotiation that drove some guerrilla leaders into the...


... middle of paper ...


...po.com/politica/
acuerdo-gobierno-farc-las-claves-del-acuerdo-en-participacion-politica_13163081-4>.
“Historial judicial, tema espinoso en participación política de Farc."
Eltiempo.com. El Tiempo, 6 Nov. 2013. Web. 25 Nov. 2013.
ARTICULO-WEB-NEW_NOTA_INTERIOR-13163670.html>.
"Más de $10 billones en pérdidas estaría dejando la corrupción en Colombia."
Elpaís.com.co. N.p., 22 May 2011. Web. 30 Nov. 2013.
corrupcion-en-colombia-podria-dejar-10-billones-en-perdidas>.
"Peace, land and bread; Land reform in Colombia." The Economist 24 Nov. 2012: n.
pag. Academic OneFile. Web. 19 Nov. 2013.
i.do?action=interpret&id=GALE%7CA309552848&v=2.1&u=wash89460&it=r&p=AONE&s
w=w&authCount=1>.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Mapping The Violence in Colombia Essay

- Mapping The Violence in Colombia The peace researcher Johan Galtung proposes a typology of violence, constructed as direct and indirect, formal-informal and visible-invisible. Regarding it as a triangle, Galtung (1990) states that typology of violence corresponds roughly to the ‘ABC’ levels of the conflict triangle: Attitude, Behaviour and Contradictions. In the first level Direct violence (acts of violence as such) and in second and third level underneath the surface; Structural violence and Cultural violence....   [tags: War, Structural Violence]

Research Papers
2461 words (7 pages)

POLITICAL PROSPECT IN SOUTH AMERICA Essay

- INTRODUCTION In South America there are still many prevalent reasons to estimate the probability of new conflict episodes among nations. The possibilities to face conflict situations have been sparked since the Malvinas islands’ war in 1982, but at the same time, they have been underestimated due to the fact that the south cone has been showing at the majority of the time as a peaceful and friendly neighbourhood. However, between Colombia and Venezuela has subsisted a legal and prolonged controversy due to the legitimacy of the demarcation lines and the claims about the golf of Venezuela and the archipelago known as “Los monjes”....   [tags: International Politics]

Research Papers
1988 words (5.7 pages)

Colombia And The Revolutionary Armed Forces Of Colombia Essay

- Colombia is a country located in South America with a status of partly free and an overall freedom rating of 3.5 out of 7, according to Freedom House. While its Political rights score does fairly well for a partly free county, at 3 out of 7, the civil liberties is lagging behind with a score of 4. In the last few recent years Colombia has had a lot of internal conflict between the Government and the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC). Even though the latest president, Juan Manuel Santos who just won reelection in June 2015, has served as a main peacekeeper between the two parties, there is still lots of tension as to who is to be held accountable for the numerous amounts of death....   [tags: Human rights, Democracy, Law, Colombia]

Research Papers
1291 words (3.7 pages)

Essay on Terrorism and Guerrilla Insurgency

- In this essay I will argue that it is difficult for a foreign power to defeat an insurgency in the insurgent’s home territory. To begin, I will examine literature in the field of asymmetric warfare related to the differences and similarities between guerrilla warfare and terrorism. Finally, I will look at how literature in the field can be applied to further our understanding of counterinsurgency efforts. What is an insurgency. The media does a poor job of differentiating between terrorism and guerrilla warfare....   [tags: Terrorism, Guerrilla Warfare]

Research Papers
2375 words (6.8 pages)

Essay on The Republic Of Colombia Has Been Fighting

- The republic of Colombia has been fighting an internal war for over 50 years. On April 9th 1948, 1:00P.M. The leader of the Liberal Party Jorger Eliecer Gaitan walked out of his office in the downtown area, got shot 3 times and died once he got to the hospital. This day went down in Colombian history as the Bogotazo. Gaitan was a moderate socialist congressman that gave a voice to the middle and lower classes in Colombia. He gave hope to those that had nothing under the right wing elitist government....   [tags: Colombia, Illegal drug trade]

Research Papers
2226 words (6.4 pages)

Colombia 's Drug Trade : Colombia Essay

- Colombia`s Drug Trade Colombia is a country that is rich in soil and the most fertile in the world. Because Colombia has such rich and limitless resources it comes at a high price. One of these resources is considered to be a life line to a better life, which is called the coca leaf. Cocaine is a drug that has been around for many years. This drug hasn 't always been for recreational uses but just known as a pure coca leaf in the jungle. The coca leaf has not only transformed it 's self into a money-making drug but it has also transformed Colombia into the main supplier to all countries for its pure cocaine drug, making Colombia one of the most dangerous places in the world....   [tags: Colombia, Illegal drug trade, Cocaine]

Research Papers
1069 words (3.1 pages)

Political Conflicts in Washington Essay

- Political conflicts regarding oversight are becoming a common occurrence in Washington, but have you stepped back and analyzed why this is. These unnecessary strangle hold on the democratic process are due to a few common practices, party politics, a deference to the Executive Branch, and prioritizing voter concerns with wasteful government spending. Some cause more problems than others, but overall these are the three biggest causes. Party politics prevents Congressmen and Senators alike from rearing off the path of their political party stance....   [tags: Poltical Conflict, Obama]

Free Essays
1316 words (3.8 pages)

Peace Negotiations in Colombia Essay

- September 4, 2012, a day that changed Colombians life. Once again Colombia faces a peace negotiation with the FARC, but this time everything is different from the past failed negotiations. First, these negotiations have an agenda and are being held in front of the whole world, giving reports constantly to the Colombians. Second, it is the first time in which both parts have a true will for peace and reconciliation; this can be seen in the fact that the FARC have accept they are offenders and not victims for the very first time....   [tags: Colombia, FARC, Peace Negotiation]

Research Papers
2091 words (6 pages)

Colombia Essay

- Colombia History Colombia was one of the three original countries along with Ecuador and Venezuela that emerged from the collapse of Gran Colombia in 1830. Over the last 40 years, there has been a campaign to overthrow the government partially because of the drug trades throughout Colombia. The movement does however lack support from military and support from the necessary influences. In recent years, there have been challenges for control of the territories throughout Colombia and also for the drug trade....   [tags: Economics Colombia Government Essays]

Research Papers
716 words (2 pages)

Colombia Essay

- Columbia is a country wrought with poverty, corruption, and violence. It has gained notoriety for its drug trafficking and the scandalous dealings by the military. Five percent of Columbia (1.9 million people, 1.1 million of them children) have been displaced due to the fighting in a four decade old civil war. Columbia will need some serious rearranging politically, socially, and overall to get back on their feet. Columbia is located in the very northern part of South America, it borders the Caribbean Sea between Panama and Venezuela, and it borders the North Pacific Ocean between Ecuador and Panama....   [tags: essays research papers]

Research Papers
733 words (2.1 pages)