A. Establishing the need
1. There are many reasons as to why collectivism and individualism an important topic to discuss. Many discussions could be had on the complex differences between cultures within America and within the greater international community, but the dichotomy of collectivism and individualism appears to be a common way to categorize cultures based on their worldviews (Hwang, 2005).
2. These cultural differences often can complicate different functions of society, including education. When individuals from one setting interact with individuals from another, information may be misunderstood and some difficulties can arise from these complicated interactions. Thus, various researchers discuss that educators who work with individuals from diverse backgrounds should have a proper understanding of individualism and collectivism and how they affect the educational settings (Garcia, Frunzi, Dean, Flores, & Miller, 2016; Shulruf et al., 2011).
B. Defining collectivism and individualism
1. Collectivism-Individualism Continuum
a. It is essential that there is a clear understanding of how collectivism and individualism represent different views on culture and community, but that they are also held within the same continuum (Leake & Black, 2005). Every culture contains elements of both, but the focus of each culture is where the difference lies. And these differences are constantly shifting and changing, which means that they should not simply be judged in a snapshot but should be understood as they constantly change and adjust (Triandis, 1993).
a. Within this study, collectivism can be best understood by noting that individuals are “interconnected and embedded in interdependent social relatio...
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...or her collectivistic or individualistic framework (ASHA, n.d.). Furthermore, there is some research that has looked at this cultural influence on perception and has provided a starting point for more research on this subject (Yiu et al., 2011).
2. There is limited research on the impact on different levels of research, such as personal or societal understandings of speech disorders. Furthermore, there has been limited research on how this affects decision-making and other aspects of communication disorders. According to Alden, Friend, Schapira, and Stiggelbout (2014), considering the collectivist-individualist continuum is one of the most important pieces of information when considering health-related decisions, and due to the repeated interactions with individuals throughout sessions, it is essential for speech pathologists to consider this throughout the process.
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