As the Soviet Union collapsed, and Russia was left as an independent nation, it began to seem as though the power once felt by the Russian state had left. Economic reforms and programs throughout the 1990’s had left the nation stagnant, and GDP contracted on a near yearly basis. Riots were commonplace throughout Moscow, and the criminal underworld flourished as the state could not adequately provide protection. This chaos is what Boris Yeltsin inherited, and at times, contributed to. The primary issue of the 1990’s was economic reform, of which moving from Communist to Capitalist Markets was seen as the prima...
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...eed to workers under the old USSR in Russia. “In spring 2001, Putin pushed forward the implementation of long delayed Judicial, pension, housing and utility reforms . . . these steps gave rise to hopes that Putin had finally begun his liberal breakthrough.” (Brown 103) As the USSR collapsed, so too did many jobs and retirements with it. This caused an uproar in Russian life, with many unemployed, and even having to go back to the work force after decades of retirement. Pushing forward a policy of guaranteeing these pensions allowed economic growth to occur, but first the economy itself needed a refocus to fully realize this plan. For the past decade Russian businesses had been sold out to the highest bidder, creating numerous oligarchs and mega-wealthy corporations out of Russian resources. Vladimir Putin took a strong stance, the state was in power, not the wealthy.
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