Riding on the coattails of economic prosperity directly following the end of World War II, the United States’ economy boomed during much of the Cold War. The so-called “golden age” lasted from post-World War II until the 1970s, and was only fueled by the American practice of capitalism and consumerism. While it was not a war in the traditional sense, the Cold War still “…fueled industrial production and promoted a redistribution of the nation’s population and economic resources” (Give Me Liberty! 924), with both the West and the South benefiting from producing various types of military equipment. The United States waged a war on the idea of communism...
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...alty review system in the United States government, where employees had to “…demonstrate their patriotism” (Give Me Liberty! 907) and resulted in the immediate dismissal of hundreds of employees. McCarthyism, which is the practice of accusing individuals of being enemies of liberty without possessing credible evidence, was prominent during the Cold War and resulted in countless “Spy Trials”, in which accused Soviet spies were brought to court. Loyalty to the United States drastically changed, for now anyone and everyone were being scrutinized by their neighbors. In his article titled “Who is Loyal to America?” American historian Henry Steele Commager states “What is the new loyalty? It is above all, conformity” (Voices of Freedom 238), for American citizens were stripped of their rights to challenge the government and society in the fear of being labeled a communist.
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