Essay on The Cold War : The Ideological Theory

Essay on The Cold War : The Ideological Theory

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Searching for the cause of the Cold War is a difficult task for anyone. The task becomes infinitely more challenging when you incorporate why it stayed cold and how it eventually ended. With so many theories behind these three topics it is ignorant to say, for example, that it simply started in 1947 and ended in 1991. There are many variable prior to 1947 that makes the origin difficult to pinpoint. In this essay, I will be focusing on multiple theories, illustrated by Professor Datta, professors speaking at the Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) event, and Leon Aron. More specifically, I will explain the origin of the Cold War using through the Ideological identity issue, the question of intervention, and the quest for hegemony. With these theories, I will argue how the origin of the Cold War is most convincing through the ideological theory. After, I will detail why the war was considered cold and what was the result of this conflict.
Before delving into which origin theory of the Cold War is best, we need to understand what the Cold War was and how the idea of containment came into being. During this period, the Cold War was the foundation of international affairs and caused many major crises like the Cuban Missile Crisis, the Vietnam War, the splitting of Berlin, the conflicts in Afghanistan, and many more. These events are a culmination of the relationship that developed between the US and USSR after World War II. It was a battle of differing ideologies. The determination to prove that capitalism was better than communism - and vice-a-versa- would be the driving force between the two superpowers. For the US it became clear that it was necessary to come up with a way to stop the spread of Communism. Whereas the USSR wanted t...

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...ndividualism, political democracy, and Capitalism. Fascism emerged from Italy as an authoritarian alternative to liberalism and socialism. This ideology exalted militarism and expansion, while being opposed to Capitalism and class consciousness. The US followed a more liberal - capitalist - ideal, whereas the USSR was a variant of socialism. Naturally, these three ideologies conflicted because they were polar opposites. The 20th century would be marked as the clash between these alternatives to see which was best. Once World War II began the focus was on the fascist empires, which in a broad sense led to the elimination of Fascism. The focus on World War II temporarily paused the clash between the liberals and socialist, but would soon resume. Once the third alternative was taken out of the picture, it was time for the remaining two to battle it out (Lecture 6.1).

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