Essay about The Cold War

Essay about The Cold War

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Divided countries such as Germany and Korea were epitome of the Cold War era with its ideological divisions. German unification in 1989 was one of the central events of the process sealing the end of the Cold War. Since then, Germany has undergone a process characterized by positive, but also negative, experiences. The Korean peninsula, for one, is still mired in conflict which reflects the harsh ideological divide, uneven economic development, and the built-up of military forces, including nuclear capabilities.
German unification has demonstrated the re-establishment of the unity of a country that even after a long period of division and difficulties is possible and that unification can be achieved in a democratic, peaceful way. But despite similarities between the two, there are also several differences.

Similarities
Both nations were divided artificially. Both sides believe the ‘2 states, 1 people’ outcome is temporary. All four states face a permanent constitutional legitimacy crisis, because the obvious question is why these separated states exist at all. As such, all states divided by the Cold War were intensely competitive with the other; outracing each other economically and militarily became central to proving who was the ‘real’ Korea or Germany. Mutual coexistence is basically impossible; each has a limited time window to race the other into international legitimacy.
North Korea and East Germany are both communist with all the attendant problems of 20th century ‘real existing socialism.’ They are domestically illegitimate outside their own elites. Those elites are a corrupted group for whom regime ideology became a cover up for oligarchy and luxury. Neither can produce anything close to the quality and quantity of g...


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...a collapsed North would mean millions of escaping refugees that China may have to deal with.
The idea of a second Korean war is highly unlikely. There is a very little, if not zero, chance of the North’s antiquated, 1950-era military winning over the South in an all-out modern war. The North might have nukes, but using a nuke means it will simply be evaporated from retaliation strikes. For the South, now a significant player in the world economy, the stakes are even greater if there is a war. War would mean a total destruction of both countries and possibly turning the clock back several decades for the South.
Unfortunately, politicians from each side are using each other as a tool to keep their own control and power. At this stage, each Korea just wants to stay in the status quo as long as they can, doing what preparations they can to plan this out in long term.

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