The political ideologies of the USA and of the Soviet Union were of profound significance in the development of the Cold War. Problems between the two power nations arose when America refused to accept the Soviet Union in the international community. The relationship between the USA and the Soviet Union was filled with mutual distrust and hostility. Many historians believe the cold war was “inevitable” between a democratic, capitalist nation and a communist Union. Winston Churchill called the cold war “The balance of terror” (1). Cold war anxieties began to build up with America and the Soviet Union advancing in the arms race for world dominance and supremacy. America feared the spread of Communism expansionism in Europe and East Asia, so in return they introduced the “policy of containment” through the Truman doctrine. The purpose of the policy was to stop communism from entering the US and from countries falling like dominos to the threat of communism, Consequently America intervened internationally to fight the spread of communism. It was believed that the best form of defence was “long-term, patient but firm and vigilant containment of Russian expansive tendencies.”(11) (George Kennan). As stated by President Tru...
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...ether than landing is as authentic as the evidence.
Furthermore, the Cold war competition during the Space race caused major economic expenditure. The US increased their budget from 89 million to 5.9 billion dollars. Over the next 5 years 7 to 9 billion dollars was spent on space exploration. After the Space race a Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty was signed, outlawing the manufacture of nuclear missiles by the US and Soviet Union. The cold war ended after the berlin war was taken down and the Soviets had fallen. Mikhail Gorbachev states, “The threat of a world war is no more”.
Conclusively, as the cold war significantly impacted the development of the space race the US and Soviet Union wanted economic and political dominance. The space race served solely as a technological battle, to which the cold war ignited due to the rivalries between two superpower nations.
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