Prior to World War II, Korea was controlled by Japan after their victory in the 1904-1905 Russo-Japanese War (“Korean War”). After the collapse of Japan in 1945, Russia and the United States agreed to divide Korea into two parts. The result was the southern half going to the United States and the northern half going to the Soviets with the divider being the 38th parallel, which equally bisected the peninsula and left the capital, Seoul, to the Americans (“Korean War”). This was only supposed to be an interim solution until a new government could be set up, but the Soviets sealed off their territory and instilled communist ideals. O...
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