In this paper I will discuss the two Cognitive Theorists between Jean Piaget and Lev Vygotsky. In this paper I will give describe the thoughts of each theorist and compare and contrast their research. I will explain which theorist I feel explained cognitive development in children. I will also share some of my personal experiences dealing with cognitive theories. I will begin with the definitions of Cognitive Theorists. Cognitive Theory is the study of mental processes or Cognitive science. It focuses on an individual thoughts and emotions which contribute to behaviors and personality.
I want to begin by giving the biography of Jean Piaget; Jean Piaget was born in Neuchatel, Switzerland, in 1896. He was a budding scientist and had his first publishing at the age of eleven. Piaget’s Theory about children learning, he believe children construct their s own knowledge by giving meaning to people, places and things in their world. He also believed that children that should do things on their own. One of the things that Piaget believes is that children only learn when they are curious about something it is what drives them. Piaget believes that if you keep children curious that they are more prone to learning. Piaget also feels that children should go outside and play because this helps them learn the concept of how things work as well as helping them builds and develop thinking skills. There is a chart called Piaget’s Stages of Cognitive Development. In this chart it breaks down the age, stage and behaviors that a child should be doing as they grow from eighteen months of age to twelve years and older.
There are four stages of Piaget’s Cognitive Dev...
... middle of paper ...
... emphasis on closely observing children by listing and watching them. Vygotsky theory is curriculum and interaction based, whereas Piaget believes that children cognitive learning is internal at different stages. I feel that both Vygotsky and Piaget expressed their views point about Cognitive development and learning for children, based on their individual convictions, because no two people see things the exact same way. As for my personal opinion, I believe that, in order to provide children with the best learning opportunity, both Vygotsky and Piaget theories for learning will provide good balance.
http://dictionary.reference.com/ (n.d.). Retrieved September 25, 2015.
Mooney, C. (2000). Theories of childhood: An introduction to Dewey, Montessori, Erikson, Piaget and Vygotsky. St. Paul, MN: Redleaf Press ;. Retrieved September 25, 2015.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- The Differences and Similarities in the Theories of Piaget and Vygotsky Michelle Stubblefield Northcentral University The Differences and Similarities in the Theories of Piaget and Vygotsky Piaget and Vygotsky are two of the most respected, notable psychologists of the twentieth century within cognitive psychology. Summary of Piaget’s theory Jean Piaget’s cognitive development theory is focused on the belief that development precedes learning, specifically upon individual development of one’s knowledge through independent learning and experiences (Lourenco, 2012).... [tags: Theory of cognitive development, Jean Piaget]
1342 words (3.8 pages)
- Cognition is the process involved in thinking and mental activity, such as attention, memory and problem solving. In this essay on cognitive development I will compare and contrast the theories of Piaget and Vygotsky, who were both influential in forming a more scientific approach to analyzing the cognitive development process of the child active construction of knowledge. (Flanagan 1996 P.72). I will then evaluate the usefulness of these theories in understanding a child's development. Both Piaget and Vygotsky agreed that children's cognitive development took place in stages.... [tags: Theories on Cognitive Development Process]
2169 words (6.2 pages)
- Introduction. In this assignment the writer will compare and contrast the theories of Piaget and Vygotsky. To begin, the writer will discuss Piaget's theory of cognitive development, followed by Vygotsky's theory of cognitive development. The writer will then discuss any implications of Piaget's and Vygotsky's models for teaching and learning in the school years. In order to do this she will compare the two theories and look at any relevant evidence and research. After comparing both theories of cognitive development, the writer will do a brief summary of the two theories.... [tags: Cognitive Development Essays]
1886 words (5.4 pages)
- ... Vygotsky believed that cognitive dissonance between thought processes did not develop spontaneous and scientific abstract edifices, but they were cultivated from individuals’ interaction in an historical framework. With the characteristics of a concept on a primitive and elementary level, it is elevated by scientific concepts which develop structures necessary for this evolution. Therefore developing spontaneous concepts in regards to consciousness and deliberate by children. He thought children function spontaneously with common concepts due to their attention was directed towards an object, the attitude of the subject in regards to an object is mediated.... [tags: Developmental psychology, Psychology, Jean Piaget]
815 words (2.3 pages)
- Lev Vygotsky and Jean Piaget are the two most influential developmental psychologists in history so one might think they would have very similar theories but this could not be more wrong. Piaget (1896-1980) Piaget 's theory stems from the idea that children develop in mostly solitary and are unable to see others perspective and progress through four stages of development(book). A major challenge to Piaget’s theory is Lev Vygotsky’s (1896-1934) sociohoristic theory which suggests that children acquire the tools of thinking and learning through social interacrtion with family and peers (seans book).... [tags: Jean Piaget, Developmental psychology]
1067 words (3 pages)
- Theories of Cognitive Development There are four main theories discussed when teaching cognitive development: Piagetian, information-processing, sociocultural, and dynamic-systems. The first and most recognizable is the Piagetian theory founded by Jean Piaget. Piaget views children as “little scientists” who create hypotheses, preform experiments, and draw conclusions from their observations. He claimed development involves three main continuities: assimilation, accommodation, and equilibration.... [tags: Jean Piaget, Theory of cognitive development]
1055 words (3 pages)
- ... These actions have lead me to believe that Piaget’s chart of cognitive development is important to learn when dealing with children. Another way I can justify Piaget’s theory is when Jayel was younger I was able to hide the ball from him and he would completely forget it. Now, he has mastered object permanence and cries if I take the ball and put it away. While working with children over the semester, I was able to use some of Piaget’s conservation tasks. I placed five crayons on one line and five on the other.... [tags: Developmental psychology, Jean Piaget]
730 words (2.1 pages)
- The Venn diagram is comparing the similarities and differences of two theories Piaget’s and Vygotsky Theories on Cognitive development. Piaget’s difference to Vygotsky is children collaborating with peers of the classroom, having stages of development that impact child development over birth to adulthood and how inherited characteristics of being a confident or quiet child. Vygotsky Theory is about Zone of Proximal development, scaffolding of adults helping children in understanding and gaining knowledge and sociocultural development (Duchesne, McMaugh, Bochner & Krause (2013).... [tags: venn diagram, teaching and learning]
1513 words (4.3 pages)
- Piaget versus Vygotsky: Similarities and Differences This paper will explore the ideas of Jean Piaget and Lev Vygotsky. Exploring their philosophies and how they impact us today. The two scholarly articles show similarities and differences of their works and explore what they each mean. Jean Piaget and Lev Vygotsky are two of the most influential philosophers in the field of cognitive development. Although people think they are very similar, they are actually different in many situations. Basic ideas of cognitive development they share but there are huge differences in certain stages of their ideas.... [tags: Theory of cognitive development, Jean Piaget]
1016 words (2.9 pages)
- INTEGRATIVE TERM PAPER I. Theoretical Perspectives 1. Introduction: There are a number of theorists that have ideas, charts, and graphs about how a child develops. Many are used today to determine when a child is mature, when they can feel emotion, and other important factors to which there are no strict textbook answers for. Piaget and Vygotsky are two theorists that offer theoretical perspectives on how a child develops. 2. Piaget’s Constructivist Theory of Cognitive Development: Piaget had a phrase that said “Assimilation and Accommodation lead to Adaptation.” Assimilation is when a person fits his or her external information in with what he or she already knows.... [tags: essays research papers]
2418 words (6.9 pages)