The purpose of this study is to analyse, in a practical way, the theories and concepts of cognitive development, across different age-related stages. Using Piaget’s theory of development, the cognitive ability of two subjects, aged 4 and 18 years, are examined against the milestones of the respective preoperational and formal operational development stages. Cognitive ability is determined by focusing on the subject’s capability and rationale to group 20 different objects. Based on the research outcomes, comparisons will be made to Piaget’s theory and the expected learning ability at their age-related development stage.
Jean Piaget was considered a pioneer in cognitive research. Piaget developed his theory of cognitive development based on the sequence of changes that occur to the cognition of a person as they mature. Piaget believed that older children not only know quantitatively more than younger ones, but actually think in qualitatively different ways. Children and adults are thought to possess an inbuilt ability to experiences organise their knowledge and into schemes (Lambert, 2007). Jean Piaget defined schemes as both internalised behavioural patterns and mental understanding (Piaget, 1963, as cited in Berk, 2009). People are thought to actively seek knowledge and information from the surrounding environment and absorb or process this information using schemes. New knowledge is built on existing knowledge and as a person becomes older these schemes become increasingly more complex. This knowledge adds to a person’s intelligence providing them with an adaptation to succeed or survive in the world (Piaget, 1963, as cited in Berk, 2009).
Through this reasoning, Piaget determined that learning occurred across ...
... middle of paper ...
...nstra, G., Koelen, M., Kok, F., and Graaf, C. (2007) Cognitive development and children's perceptions of fruit and vegetables; a qualitative study. International Journal of Behavioural Nutrition and Physical Activity. 2007;4: 30. Published online 2007 July 9. doi: 10.1186/1479-5868-4-30 BioMed Central. Web. 12 May 2015.
Schaffer HR. Introducing child psychology. UK Edition. Oxford , Blackwell Publishers; 2003. p.352.
Berk, L E (2009). Child Development. Pearson International Edition. 8th Edition. Boston, MA: Allyn & Bacon.
Lambert, B. (2007). Cognitive Schemes and Scripts: Research Evidence from Children’s Drawings. NZ Research in Early Childhood Education Journal, Vol. 10, pp. 69 – 80.
Cunningham, D. (1996). Jean Piaget’s Genetic Epistemology. Web. 12 May 2015.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- This is a case study of the cognitive, physical, identity, social and moral development of a seven year old female who is entering into the second grade. For the purpose of this study, the participant will be referred to as Elsa. She belongs to a traditional, married family made up of a mother and father. She also has a younger brother who is four. The mother is employed full time in an optical clinic and the father has a full time position with a local transportation company. The Father has a bachelors in sociology.... [tags: Jean Piaget, Theory of cognitive development]
2057 words (5.9 pages)
- ... It was also found that a decline in cognitive function was present with low education, many social activities and minimum intellectual activities during childhood in leisure time and low adult social class. The strength of this study was that they used a large sample size, and compared cognitive development at three different ages. However there were some limitations it the study. One, the sample only consisted of men; this is not representative of the general public as women were not accounted for.... [tags: UK based study, IQ development]
1718 words (4.9 pages)
- Cognitive Theories of Human Development Jean Piaget, known as the most important theorist; started the most comprehensive theory of intellectual development. Piaget was born in 1896, in Neuchatel Switzerland, and lived a full and significant life, he passed away at age 84. His father was a medieval historian, and his mother was a homemaker; she was highly emotional and her behavior disrupted the normalcy of their home. Piaget married Valentine Chatenay, and they soon welcomed three girls; Jacqueline, Lucienne, and Laurent.... [tags: Cognitive Development]
1178 words (3.4 pages)
- Jean Piaget proposed four major periods of cognitive development the sensorimotor stage (birth- 2 years), the preoperational stage (ages 2-7), the concrete operational stage (7-11), and the formal operational stage (ages 11- adulthood). He called these stages invariant sequence and believed that all children went through all these stages in the exact order without skipping one. The ages in these stages are only average ages some children progress differently. The point of this message is that humans of different ages think in different ways (Sigelman and Rider, 2015) Ahmad is a six-year-old first grader who lives at home with his mother Edwina and 2 older brothers A.J.... [tags: Theory of cognitive development, Jean Piaget]
854 words (2.4 pages)
- When Piaget was a biologist, he was always curious about how an organism adapts to the environment, which he described as intelligence. He then thought that behavior, the adaptation to the environment, is controlled through schemas which would be used to represent actions. This would then explain that adaptation is driven by the biological drive to find an equilibrium between the environment and these schemas. Going off of this, Piaget believed that infants were born with schemas that started operating at birth which he then called “reflexes.” As the child aged, the schemas would grow to become more complex and would go about this in a series of stages.... [tags: Theory of cognitive development, Jean Piaget]
1346 words (3.8 pages)
- Parental Involvement, Parenting Behaviors, and Children's Cognitive Development in Low-Income and Minority Families Recently, programs have been created to help parents to interact more with their children’s school. Studies have been conducted to investigate the effect that these programs have on children and their families focusing on the cognitive and social outcomes (Chang, Singh, & Sung, 2009). However, there is a need for more studies that are similar to these. These studies are needed to help understand and assess the effect that programs have on parenting skills, as well as how parenting behaviors may change over time.... [tags: cognitive, linguistic development]
1073 words (3.1 pages)
- The purpose of this study is to look at if physical exercise will help the healthy cognitive development in children and adolescence and this paper will illustrate that the same facts are true for children and adolescence, and will stress the importance of exercise for children optimal brain development and growth. The current studies show that physical activity has a positive effect on attention, neuroplasticity and intellectual development in children and adolescence. The studies also seem to show the importance of physical activity like PE classes and recess in schools and curriculum to have well-founded, healthy children.... [tags: healthy cognitive development]
1682 words (4.8 pages)
- Cognitive psychology is a relatively modern approach based on human mental processes and how those processes affect a person’s feeling, thinking and behaviour. Two of the earliest influences to cognitive development were introduced in the mid 1900’s by psychologists Jean Piaget and Lev Vygotsky who both stressed the importance of mental processes, particularly in children and their development. During the early 1900’s, the behaviourist approach was the front-runner in explaining behaviour; cognitivism however gained credence as it sought to explain, scientifically, the mental processes taking place when confronted with stimuli.... [tags: Jean Piaget, Theory of cognitive development]
1068 words (3.1 pages)
- Jean Piaget (1896-1980) was a Swiss psychologist who had a lifelong interest in how individuals, especially children, use cognitive development to adapt to the world around them. Piaget published his first paper by the age of 10, completed his bachelor’s degree by the age of 18, and at the age of 22 received his PhD from the University of Neuchatel. Piaget spent many years of his life researching the developmental and cognitive knowledge of children. The Theory of Cognitive Development places focus on human intelligence and developmental thinking.... [tags: Child Development, psychology]
1718 words (4.9 pages)
- Two characters that I choose for this assignment are a careless and impulsive character in this movie, John Bender, or known as “the criminal”, and a character that being known as a nerd, that is Brian Johnson, or known as “the brain”. In reference to Piaget’s stages of cognitive development, I categorized Bender and Brian in a formal operational stage, that is the final stage of the cognitive development stage. It is because, both of them shows characteristic of adolescent egocentrism. As for Bender, we can see that he had developed the sense of invulnerability because he had taken many physical risks and do not think about the consequences.** Besides that, in reference to Kohlberg’s stage... [tags: Jean Piaget, Theory of cognitive development]
1233 words (3.5 pages)