Cognitive Development And Language Acquisition Essay

Cognitive Development And Language Acquisition Essay

Length: 1329 words (3.8 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Cognitive Development and Language Acquisition

In terms of the cognitive development perspective, Swiss Psychologist Jean Piaget, was extremely interested in how children acquire knowledge and come to understand their world and his theories form the basis of the cognitive approach (Joyce and Weil, 1996; Heo et al., 2011). Piaget asserts that “language is a product of intelligence, rather than intelligence being a product of language” (Piaget, 1929) and he explains children 's language acquisition by using four stages of cognitive development and his theories offer a crucial theoretical basis in terms of intellectual maturation (Heo et al., 2011). Piaget contends that children form schema, or cognitive structures, through which individuals explain occurrences in their lives; using these schemata individuals can organise and modify their environments (Smith et al., 2003). Schema are hypothetical constructs which have no physical manifestation and are not observable; children are born with few schemata and these develop gradually over time, to become more differentiated and ‘adult’ (Wadsworth, 1996). Piaget’s theory explains children’s language learning by using the aforementioned four stages of cognitive development; namely the sensorimotor, preoperational, concrete operational and formal operational stages. It is claimed by Piaget that these stages are invariant, and all children will go through these stages in the same sequence (Berk, 2008).

Stages of Cognitive Development

Infancy, Birth-2 years old. Sensorimotor Stage

During this stage infants use their senses and motor skills to make sense of the world; at this point a child 's thoughts are acquired through sensation and movement; their behaviour is largely reflexive (Hu...

... middle of paper ... of Proximal Development’ (ZPD), the ZPD can be described as the gap between a learner 's independent performance and the level of potential performance achieved with assistance (Daniels, 2001). Here a more knowledgeable individual, such as a parent, teacher or more competent peer, is able to move development forward through social interaction (Blake and Pope, 2008). The concept of parent, teachers, or more able peers, nurturing and guiding a learner 's development to enable them to achieve, has come to be known as scaffolding (Daniels, 2001; Hammond, 2002); however this is not a term ever used by Vygotsky (Stone, 1998). Critics of Vygotskian theory have contended that the proposition of the ZPD is incomplete, and vague in parts, with too much focus on collective social interaction, and not enough focus on individual knowledge acquisition (Lui and Matthews, 2005).

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

The Psychology Of Cognition And Cognitive Development Essay

- Introduction The study of the ways in which people affect, and are affected by others, is known as social psychology; a primary means by which people affect one another is through the medium of Communication (Kruglanski and Higgins, 2007). At the heart of communication is the idea of shared meanings between one, or more people, however, communication is not simply a case of exchanging words; through the process of communication we create meanings and an understanding of what words and behaviours represent or imply (Ramaraju, 2012)....   [tags: Language acquisition, Noam Chomsky, Linguistics]

Better Essays
1277 words (3.6 pages)

How Learning A Second Language Affect A Children 's Biological, Cognitive, And Linguistic Development

- Nowadays people get married to their significant other who might be a different race or color. A Caucasian male can get married to an African American female and vice versa. People from different cultures, different language speaking individuals get married as well. Now for those with babies or those that are about to have babies might be wondering whether they should expose their children to more than one language because their mother would want their child to know the language she speaks and the father would want the same....   [tags: Linguistics, Language acquisition]

Better Essays
1354 words (3.9 pages)

Comparing Theories of Language Acquisition and Language Development Essay

- The aim of this essay is to explore language acquisition and compare and contrast different theories of language acquisition and language development. Language in its most basic form is used to communicate our needs and wants. It encompasses a range of modes of delivery including signing, spoken and written words, posture, eye contact, facial expressions and gestures. So how do we learn ‘language’. Are we born with the skills for communication, or is it something that we have to learn or have taught to us....   [tags: Language Acquisition, Language Development]

Better Essays
2926 words (8.4 pages)

Why Is Second Language Acquisition Fundamentally Different From First Language Merger?

- Why is second language acquisition fundamentally different from first language acquisition. It is a wonderful capacity when humans start to pick up their first own words in their first life. This is a first way that humans start to communicate with others, start to send their feeling by using some amazing samples that everyone can understand. These samples called a language. This paper first, argues why first language acquisition is fundamentally different from second language acquisition in light of the fact that acquiring first language is innate....   [tags: Linguistics, Language acquisition]

Better Essays
1809 words (5.2 pages)

Essay Language Acquisition And Brain Development

- Throughout history, many schools of thought have examined humans’ ability to understand and utilize language. Ancient philosophers, like Plato, used their observations to pose notions of language acquisition and early Indian scholars began the first debates between nativists and behaviorists (Stanford Encyclopedia). These early thinkers only touched upon this human process, as our modern day tests have shown that there are specific stages to acquiring language, varying ideas on whether language is innate or learned, and a definitive, but rarely studied, window for any human to acquire language....   [tags: Linguistics, Language acquisition]

Better Essays
1209 words (3.5 pages)

Second Language Acquisition ( Sla ) Essay

- Second Language Acquisition By definition, language acquisition makes reference to the process by which human beings acquire their capacity for not only comprehending and perceiving language but also for producing both words and sentences with the aim of communicating. Second Language Acquisition (SLA) thus refers to the process taken by people to learn a second language. In this case, a second language is defined as a language spoken in the locale of a person but is not necessarily their native language....   [tags: Language acquisition, Linguistics]

Better Essays
1428 words (4.1 pages)

Age and Second Language Acquisition Essay

- With the increasing popularity of dual immersion programs in schools and the widespread notion that language acquisition is something that needs to happen early on life, is there an ideal age to learn a second language (L2). Wilder Penfield and Lamar Roberts first introduced the idea that there is a “critical period” for learning language in 1959. This critical period is a biologically determined period referring to a period of time when learning/acquiring a language is relatively easy and typically meets with a high degree of success....   [tags: Second Language Acquisition]

Better Essays
1492 words (4.3 pages)

The Second Language Acquisition Theories Essays

- Second Language Acquisition Theories (Summarization of Cummins’ and Krashen 's Theories and Implications to ELL)
 According to Cummins, the first type of communication is Basic Interpersonal Communication Skills (BICS) and it pertains to the social development of a language which can normally be attained fairly quickly within the first few years of acquiring a new language. The social conversations are usually informal forms of communicating where individuals use this type of communicating when speaking or listening to another individual face to face where the vocabulary content is less difficult....   [tags: Language acquisition, Linguistics]

Better Essays
1111 words (3.2 pages)

Language Acquisition Essay

- Language is perceived as the way humans communicate through the use of spoken words, it involves particular system and styles in which we interact with one another (Oxford 2009). Possessing this ability to communicate through the use of language is thought to be a quintessential human trait (Pinker 2000). Learning a language, know as language acquisition, is something that every child does successfully within a few years. Language acquisition is in itself the development by which humans acquire the ability to perceive, produce and use words to understand and communicate....   [tags: Language Acquisition]

Better Essays
1370 words (3.9 pages)

Questions On Second Language Acquisition Theories Essay

- P1.A1. Second Language Acquisition Theories Steven Krashen developed 5 theories of Second Language Development. The Acquisition-Learning Hypothesis states that people acquire language naturally, without any formal training, simply through their interactions with others (Freeman and Freeman p.62). Language learning, however, is a more complex process which requires instruction. Both of these processes are necessary for a person to acquire a second language. Implications for teaching include creating authentic social interaction time with peers in the classroom, collaboration with peers, modeling appropriate language use and using repetition (Vose)....   [tags: Language acquisition, Linguistics]

Better Essays
1043 words (3 pages)