In 1955 Albert Ellis conceived his theory of rational emotive therapy, or as we now call it rational emotive behavior therapy (REBT), the predecessor to CBT. In REBT, Ellis theorized that neurosis was not the trigger for issues like anxiety, depression, or PTSD, but more so at fault is irrational thinking (Corey, 2012, p. 288). He believed that people created their own emotional reactions and that healthy feelings were created by rational beliefs and unhealthy feelings were created by irrational beliefs. This distinction is what separates REBT from CBT. But nonetheless, Albert Ellis is considered the grandfather of CBT.
CBT itself was the brainchild of Aaron Beck to test the accuracy of the idea that depression is the outcome of hostility a person has for themselves. He pulled information from multiple different sources during the development of this theory, based on Ellis’ theory. He used Freud’s theory that dreams can demonstrate the unconscious, but the results were not as he anticipated. Rather than the dreams of his subjects express antagonistic themes, they more mimicked the way the client thought in their conscious, issues like deprivation and loss (Beck, 20...
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...eople that have had success with this method, there are a number of people that find CBT not appropriate for their situation. People need to be informed of what CBT can and cannot do before proceeding with this treatment.
Many people probably find CBT impersonal because they are told that their emotions are not logical and the constant emphasis on optimistic thinking feels insincere to them and belittles their past or their feelings. Others may feel it focuses too much on logic over emotions so they do not get the results they are looking for.
Since CBT deals with the here and now, it typically overlooks things such as unhappy upbringing as a fundamental cause of some mental health issues. The anxieties focused on are current and the past is not reviewed, except from a personal behavior standpoint. This unfortunately may encourage amplified apprehension briefly.
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