This investigation unveils to what extent the coffee industry was responsible for the modernization of the Brazilian economy. The investigation focused on the accounts of the coffee industry flourishing in Brazil and the effects of the coffee industry on the economy. In order to get a detailed record of the coffee industry’s effect on the Brazilian economy, one must look at accounts of how coffee shaped Brazil’s commerce and infrastructure. It is important to be aware of the transition period from sugar as Brazil’s major export to coffee. The history of coffee was thoroughly investigated for signs of important effects on the Brazilian economy. The Brazilian state of São Paulo was analyzed because São Paulo is commonly known by the world as “Coffee Land” as Bertita Harding puts in her book The Southern Empire (83).
The two sources chosen for this evaluation, A Visit to King Coffee by Stefan Zweig and A History of Brazil by E. Bradford Burns are evaluated for their origins, purposes, limitations, and values.
B. Summary of Evidence
The Transition from Sugar to Coffee
Coffee took over the once prosperous sugar industry in Brazil. The efficiency and price of the sugar mill in the West Indies sugar mills in the 1860s drove Brazil off the international market (Burns 151). Also, is it important to note that other countries started to experiment with sugar beet, a plant whose roots have a high concentration of sucrose. This reduced the value of the exported sugar from Brazil. As E. Bradfurd Burns put it, the coffee industry repeated many old economic characteristic used in the sugar industry such as having a single crop raised mostly for export and a dependency on foreign markets for prosperity (151).
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...orld's Coffee Cup." Brazil Looks Forward. Rio De Janeiro: Serviço Gráfico Do Instituto Brasileiro De Geografia E Estatística, 1945. 66-82. Print.
Kelsey, Vera. "São Paulo." Seven Keys to Brazil. New York: Funk & Wagnalls, 1940. 103+. Print.
King, Winfield C. Brazil's Coffee Industry. Washington, D.C.: Foreign Agricultural Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, 1962. Print.
Kipling, Rudyard. "São Paulo and a Coffee Estate." Brazilian Sketches. New York: Doubleday, Doran, 1940. 65-76. Print.
Pendle, George. "Coffee." Uruguay. London: Oxford UP, 1963. 103-04. Print.
Phillips, Henry Albert. "Forty Billion Cups of Coffee for Uncle Sam." Brazil, Bulwark of Inter-American Relations. New York: Hastings House, 1945. 104-12. Print.
Zweig, Stefan. "A Visit to King Coffee." Brazil, Land of the Future. Trans. Andrew St. James. New York: Viking, 1941. 223-32. Print.
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