The Clinical Description of Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy Essay

The Clinical Description of Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy Essay

Length: 604 words (1.7 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Clinical Description – A child with Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy usually express symptoms before the age of 6, but can appear as early as infancy. Duchenne muscular dystrophy is a disorder that progressively increases with severity as the patient gets older. There are several symptoms involved in the disorder. Fatigue and muscle weakness our common symptoms. Muscle weakness usually begins in the pelvis and leg region and occur less severely in the arms and neck. As a result, a child with the disorder has trouble with motor skills like walking, running, jumping, skipping, etc. and progressively losses the ability to walk by age 12. With the deteriorating of muscle cells, breathing difficulties and heart troubles occur around the age of 20 and leads to death usually by 25. Intellectual disabilities and learning disabilities with a lower IQ than the average child is also common (MedlinePlus).
Molecular Genetics – Duchenne muscular dystrophy is located on the X chromosome, with more than 1,000 mutations to the DMD gene. The DMD gene is the largest known human gene. The normal function of ...

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy and Its Impact on Communication Essay

- “Communication is the imparting or interchange of thoughts, opinions, or information by speech, writing, or signs” (Dictionary.com, 2014). It is expressive and comprehensive. It is a vital part of life, especially for humans since we are social beings. Our muscles, which make up about forty percent of our body, help us accomplish multiple tasks. From yawning to lifting, to dancing, breathing and communicating, muscles help us along the way. Imagine your muscles working less and less and eventually not working at all....   [tags: x-chromosome, muscles, disease]

Better Essays
1465 words (4.2 pages)

Description of Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy Essay

- Description of the Disorder Duchenne muscular dystrophy is a genetic disorder that is characterized by progressive muscle degeneration and weakness. It is caused by a mutation of the DMD gene that can be inherited through transmission of an X-linked recessive gene. DMD codes for the muscle protein, dystrophin. As a result, people who are affected with this disorder are not able to make this protein in their muscles, causing them to become weak and not function properly (NHGRI, 2014). This disorder moves quickly throughout the body and rapidly gets worse....   [tags: genetic disorder, mutation, x chromosomes]

Better Essays
1154 words (3.3 pages)

Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy Essay

- Description of the Disorder Duchenne muscular dystrophy is a genetic disorder that is characterized by progressive muscle degeneration and weakness. It is caused by a mutation of the DMD gene that can be inherited in an X-linked recessive fashion. DMD encodes for the muscle protein called dystrophin, and people that are affected with this disorder are not able to make this protein in their muscles (NHGRI, 2014). This disorder moves quickly throughout the body and rapidly gets worse. Of the nine different muscular dystrophy, Duchenne muscular dystrophy is the most common form found in people today (MDA, 2014)....   [tags: genetic disorder, progressive muscle deterioration]

Better Essays
980 words (2.8 pages)

Genetic Disorders: Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy Essay

- Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy is an inherited genetic disorder that consists of extreme muscle weakness, which rapidly worsens, and over time leads to death. Young newlyweds, Molly and Brent are seeking information on the health of their possible children. Molly’s younger brother, Hunter, has Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy, he suffers and is confined to a wheelchair due to this genetic disorder. Molly and Brent want research done on behalf of their future kids, so they can understand the risk they are taking in having children....   [tags: symptoms, diagnosis, x chromosomes]

Better Essays
927 words (2.6 pages)

Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy Essay

- Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy (DMD) is a genetic mutation that is recessive and X- linked. It is located on the ‘p’ arm of the X chromosome (to be more specific, the Xp21 chromosome). DMD is also lethal meaning that the person affected by DMD will die because of it. Because DMD is located on the X chromosome, it mostly affects males. It is immensely uncommon for a female to inherit this gene because her father would have to have DMD and her mother would have to carry the gene. Theoretically, if a mother carries the gene and the father has DMD, there is a 25% chance that if they have a daughter, she will have DMD....   [tags: genetic mutation, x chromosome]

Better Essays
872 words (2.5 pages)

Essay about Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy

- Imagine being a parent and discovering that your child won’t be able to walk by the age of 12 and won't live past the age of 20. This has become a reality for many parents as they find out that their child has a form of muscular dystrophy. This particular type of muscular dystrophy is referred to as Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy, which is a genetically inherited disorder that is the most common and severe of all muscular dystrophies. It is found in 1 of every 3,500 males and is characterized by progressive muscle wasting....   [tags: essays research papers fc]

Better Essays
2051 words (5.9 pages)

Essay about Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy

- Genetic Disorders- Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy (DMD) Description of disorder, symptoms and chance of survival Duchenne muscular dystrophy is a genetic disorder that causes 1 out of 3500 males’ voluntary muscles that control their body’s movement to progressively weaken and waste due to a lack of dystrophin. Dystrophyn is an important muscle protein which is produced in a gene in the X chromosome. Hence, it is a sex linked disorder that affects only boys. The boy, if he inherits the disorder, looses muscle throughout his life....   [tags: Genetic Disorders]

Free Essays
630 words (1.8 pages)

Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy Essay

- Duchenne's muscular dystrophy, also known as psuedohypertrophic muscular dystrophy, is a typical sex-linked disorder in which the muscles degenerate throughout a person's life. It literally means "faulty nutrition of the muscles." Muscular Dystrophy has no cures, and this particular type of muscular dystrophy affects only males. One in 3,500 baby boys are born with this disorder and survival is rare beyond the early 30s, death is usually caused by a respiratory disease. (ygyh.org) Duchenne's muscular dystrophy is named after the French neurologist, Guillaume B....   [tags: Muscle Disorder Psuedohypertrophic]

Better Essays
1095 words (3.1 pages)

Muscular Dystrophies Essay

- There are many different diseases, disorders, and alterations of the musculoskeletal system and the integumentary system. Each disease is different. Tissue changes, transports, treatments, preventative measures all vary between the diseases, infections, and even systems. “Muscular dystrophies are a group of familial disorders that cause degeneration of skeletal muscle fibers” (Huether, McCance, 2010, pp. 1633). There are multiple muscle diseases but muscular dystrophies are the most common in children....   [tags: duchenne, dermatophyte, infection, muscle]

Better Essays
1089 words (3.1 pages)

Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy Essay

- Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy Located on the X chromosome lies a gene whose improper function would take from us what we often sloppily overlook -- our mobility. The freedom to dance with poise, to run with agility, to dress one’s self, to bend over and scoop a dropped pencil off the floor are all motions which are only dreamt of by those with Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy. An X-linked recessive disorder which can be exhibited in both males and females, DMD is most prominent in males, affecting 3500 boys in the world (McKusick)....   [tags: Health Medical Biology Biological Essays]

Better Essays
1090 words (3.1 pages)