Coral bleaching acts as a rather large contributor to the damage inflicted on coral reefs. As previously noted, the atrocious process begins when higher temperatures are present. The miniscule organisms which indirectly construct the coral reefs all contain algae. More importantly, the algae provides sugars for the coral through photosynthesis (Lynas 56). Without algae to create sugars, corals could not grow and prosper into beautiful coral reefs. “Once the corals’ thermal tolerance threshold of 30℃ (86℉) is crossed, the algae are expelled, and the ‘bleached’ corals will die unless cooler waters return quickly” (Lynas 57) (See Figure 4). The CRCA authorizes the NOAA and other allied foundations to help protect the coral reefs from dangers such as Global Climate Change and coral bleaching. Despite regulations, coral reef numbers and health rates are drastically depleting (See Figure 5).
Solely in United States (U.S.) Territory, 86 percent of the coral reefs encompass Hawaiian waters. The other 14 percent can be found within the Florida Keys, the Gulf of Mexico, the U.S. Virgin Islands and in the Pacific Trust territories of Guam, Samoa, an...
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...esources necessary to provide for their citizens. As a leading nation on the planet, the U.S. should continue to help protect coral reefs.
All across the globe, coral reefs are in dire need of help. Laws and regulations have been set, and marine protected areas have been created. However, the 168 countries and the 6,700 marine protected areas encompass less than two percent of the oceans (Weeks). As the rainforests of the ocean, coral reefs ought to have their protection and preservation as top priorities. In order to thoroughly protect the world’s rare coral reefs, the United States should continue the reauthorization to the NOAA, as well as encourage other countries to take part and comply to set regulations. Creating safe habitats and protecting them from disastrous human activities is the first step in conserving the coral reef ecosystems on Earth.
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