Though scientists don’t know the cause of cleft palate or cleft lip, they have developed a way to correct speech within these individuals through surgery in the patients early years, about 1-2 years old at best. Not every individual is able to afford the medical surgery for such a defect since there are multiple surgeries that go into correcting it. With this being the case, many suffer from speech disorders. The speech disorders are geared towards phonology with stress on articulation, along with morphology and semantics.
The main speech disorder that is seen in individuals with Cleft Palate and/or Cleft Lip is phonology. Children with Cleft Palate begin to be delayed in speech from the very beginning. Due ...
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... palate and/or lip, by the age of 5, are “normal” and have caught up with their peers. It is very rare to see a child with cleft palate and/or lip in school, though educators may still see delays in fluency and articulation. Many of the delays are corrected through speech therapy and surgery. Beginning both therapy and surgery at a very young age allows the child to develop speech and language around the age of 5. Early intervention allows the child with cleft palate and/or lip to develop “constant inventory, especially pressure constants; vocabulary; and oral airflow” (Hardin-Jones, Chapman & Scherer, 2006). Each intervention is different and geared towards the child. “They are jigsaw puzzles with every piece…” (Mosheim, 2012) in which we are to try to figure out how to put the pieces together to create speech and language for children with cleft palate and/or lip.
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