Classical utilitarianism belongs to the family of moral theories called consequentialism. Consequentialism summarizes actions as being morally obligatory because it yields the best results. Classical (act) utilitarian’s believe that the total well-being is the only thing intrinsically valuable. Supporters of this theory also protest that an action is morally right if and only if its consequences are optimific and improve the overall well-being. However, in order for this theory to be true, the action must be optimific and must be greater than any other action you could have done at the time.
For an ample amount of years, philosophers have analyzed what is required of actions for them to be morally acceptable. In conclusion, classical utilitarianism contrasts from other close views such as The Kantian Perspective of Fairness and Justice. The reason that the Kantian Perspective is contradicting to classical utilitarianism being the perspective is narrowed towards oneself rather than the overall well-being. I support classical utilitarianism in the interest of the greater good; the Kantian perspective, in my opinion, focuses solely on an individual’s welfare alternatively than the community’s welfare. Torture is prevalent in present-day, especially i...
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... optimific. The history of actions and their coordinating results display a pattern of lessons. A defender of classical utilitarianism would reply that the morality of our actions should depend on the expected results of the action rather than the actual results. Therefore we have to trust our instincts and attempt to predict the outcome using the moral knowledge we have been taught.
Optimizing the greater good so that it provides the most beneficial impact on the world ultimately is the only thing intrinsically valuable. Sometimes this means that we must make sacrifices because it will provide more opportunity for others. Saving a million lives is far more beneficial to civilization than saving just one life. Morally speaking, classical utilitarianism will always be the most plausible theory due to the increased opportunities it provides for our country.
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