Classical criminology theory is a legal systems approach, which emerged in the 1700s age of enlightenment. Various philosophers like John Locke, Jeremy Bentham and Cesare Beccaria expanded upon the theory of the social contract to explain the reasons as to wh...
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...crime according to the classical theory is the harm it impacts on the society. In his theory, Cesare argues that it would be erratic and illogical if the measure of crimes were to be based on the intentions of the individuals who commit them (Beccaria, 1986). These intentions depend on individuals’ state of mind and the actual impression that objects make this vary from one person to according to changes in ideas, circumstances and passions. It is, therefore, important to formulate a particular code for each and laws for different crimes.
Akers, R. L., & Sellers, C. S. (2012). Criminological Theories: Introduction, Evaluation, and Application. Oxford University Press.
Beccaria, C. (1986). On Crimes and Punishments. Hackett Pub Co.
Hagan, F. E. (2010). Introduction to Criminology: Theories, Methods, and Criminal Behavior. SAGE Publications, Inc.
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