West and Zimmerman’s Doing Gender was a seminal sociological work. The authors asserted, “the essential male and female natures are an achieved status of objective fact, they provide the rationale for the differing fates of women and men” (Kivisto 2011: 319). Max Weber’s views on status compliment this idea. Weber states “a status group can exist only to the extent that others accord its member prestige or degrading, which removes them from the rest of social actors and establishes the necessary social distance” (Coser 1977: 229). West and Zimmerman go on to discuss the difference between sex, sex category, and gender. They also concentrate on gender, submitting that instead of an essential part of our nature it is an act we portray daily (Kivisto 2011).
West and Zimmerman take on gender was revolutionary but at its very foundation is the idea of status in American society. Generally, gender difference has been used to subjugate the female sex category. Georg Simmel also dealt with status in his essay on Fashion. He discussed the lower class acquiring material items to mimic higher classes. Similarly, West and Zimmerman discussed gender displays a...
... middle of paper ...
...2011). Many jobs that are considered masculine make more money, such as businessman and pro football players. While teachers, nurses, and cleaning ladies traditionally female positions barely make a enough to survive. It says a lot about what gender we value in society.
Arguing for a living wage from a feminist stand point, would highlight the contradictory act of teaching one thing and practicing another. The feminist perspective might point out that feminine and masculine are social constructions. This ideal would equalize the sex category female and male (Kivisto 2011). Making “female” activities as valuable as male activities. They would accept knowledge from all groups. Use a variety of standpoints to make decisions about wages (Kivisto 2011). Try to dismantle the gendered hierarchal structure of the university and disavow “masculine” and “Feminine”.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- The aim of this essay is to discuss what the Chicago school and classical gang theorists can explain about UK gangs today and whether their ideas are relevant to the current situation in the UK or not. Since the early 2000s, researchers have noted that there has been an emerging gang problem in the UK. According to John Heale, who has studied UK gangs in detail the term refers to ‘a group of about 10 or more individuals who have a name and who claim an allegiance to a geographical area’ (De Castella and McClatchey, 2011: 1).... [tags: UK gangs, chicago schools]
2430 words (6.9 pages)
- A Comparison of Classical Management Theorists and Contingency Theorists The management field is characterised by a wide variety of theories, schools and directions. This essay examines the classical and contingency schools of thought -- the approaches to organization that have had the greatest impact on management today. Firstly the essay delineates and criticises the important theories propounded by classical writers. The essay continues with an account of the contingency school, and finally evaluates its impacts on managerial thought.... [tags: Business Management Studies Managing]
2637 words (7.5 pages)
- “A state is a legal entity that enjoys a permanent population, a well defined territory, and a government capable of exercising sovereignty” (Kegly Jr & WittKopf, 2001). International Relations can be seen as the study of the roles of state and non- state actors with regards to the international political system. This system is made up of sovereign states, nations and nation-states as well as non-state actors such as Multinational Corporations, Inter-Governmental Organizations, International Non-Governmental Organizations and Non-Governmental Organizations.... [tags: government, sovereignty]
1258 words (3.6 pages)
- Classical Social Theorists When trying to compare three social theorists to each other, you must first try to understand the intricacies that are entangled within each theory itself. Theorists, by nature, create theories that can be debated from all angles but must be a tight fit in order to be considered applicable to society. Theology as a single entity is constructed from deep intellectual thought. When social theorist begin to develop there theoretical perspectives, they seem to have an overwhelming grasp on the concepts they try to convey to us.... [tags: essays research papers]
1570 words (4.5 pages)
- Evaluate the role of Enlightenment thought in the development of Classical Criminology. In this essay I will be writing to ‘Evaluate the role of Enlightenment thought in the development of Classical Criminology’. I will do this by researching key theories and perspectives in the criminological field and seeing if there is a comprehensive relationship between criminological theory and political culture. I will be focusing on how the classical school grew out of the enlightenment. The European enlightenment was the progressive move towards moving out of the religious belief when it came to who ruled the society and law in that time.... [tags: Crime, Criminology, Criminal justice]
2016 words (5.8 pages)
- Criminological Theory – The Classical Theory Criminals come from all walks of life. Some are wealthy business owners while others are poverty-stricken and homeless. Some are 60 years old while others are 16. What makes people decide to become a criminal. Why does one person who gets arrested and faces punishment learn from the mistake and does nothing illegal again while others become prison regulars. Criminological theory seeks to answer these questions in an effort to mold societal influence and implement programs to deter people from committing crimes.... [tags: Criminology, Crime, Criminal justice]
1079 words (3.1 pages)
- There are various organizational theories that attempt to evaluate the behavior of people in organizations, whether as a group or individually. The neo classical theory focuses on the needs of the workers and puts a premium on empowering employees in an effort to maximize their production (Colorado State University-Global Campus, 2010). Research by Sultana and Manivannan (2009) concludes that workers with institutional knowledge are a company’s most important company assets. A company needs to do what it can to retain these valuable assets, and neo classical thinking helped to spawn a new emphasis on job satisfaction and the social aspect of the workplace.... [tags: empowering employees to maximize production]
515 words (1.5 pages)
- Classical Organization Theory The classical school of organization theory dominated administrations from the early 1900’s well into the 1930’s, and it is still relevant today in many of the contemporary organization theories. Shafritz states that classical organization theory was the first theory of its kind, and serves as the foundation of other schools organization theory (Shafritz, Ott, & Jang, 2011, p. 32). Classical organization theory includes scientific management approach, bureaucratic approach, and administrative management approach.... [tags: machinery, workforce]
1570 words (4.5 pages)
- After watching the movie the good son I found a lot to similarities between what went on and the classical theory. I plan on highlighting Cesare Beccaria’s classical theories central assumptions and giving examples of events that occurred in the movie to connect the two. To setup some of the story I’ll introduce you to the characters and what their role is throughout the movie. The mother and father are Wallace and Susan Evans, and their children are Henry and Connie. After Mark Evans mother dies, and his father Jack goes out of town on business Mark is sent to live with his Uncle Wallace and Aunt Susan and their two kids for three weeks.... [tags: essays research papers fc]
1559 words (4.5 pages)
- Classical Criminology The classical school of criminology was around in the eighteenth century. It came abount in a time when the previous dominent spiritual look at defining crime and criminal behaviour was being challenged by a newer naturalistic approach of the social contract theorists. The classical school was the established ideas of monarchs, fedual lords and the fathers of the church. The main pioneers of the classical school were Cesar Beccaria ( 1738-1974) from Italy and Jeremy Bantham from Britain (1948-1832).... [tags: Crime Deviance Psychology Essays]
1079 words (3.1 pages)