Evolution of Western Civilization
September 23, 2014
The Classical Mediterranean civilization of Greece and Rome inspired the Western civilization through their politics, laws, philosophical teachings, and their ability to respond to environmental challenges. Our sense of debt to the Greco-Roman history and political achievements reverberated in later history. The Greek and Roman precedents undoubtedly influenced the framers of the American Constitution, as did philosophers like Socrates and Aristotle, who’ve influenced people to challenge the “accepted ways.” After the decline of the Greek city-states, Rome assumed leadership by preserving most of Greek achievements and dominating in language and law. Both Greek and Roman societies shared many political ideas, artistic styles, and developed similar economic structures. Nonetheless, both civilizations were very successful who founded institutions and cultural systems that would wield influence after the classical period ended.
Despite the immense influence both Greek and Roman culture had on Western civilizations they did not create a significant, “world class” religion. Though, Christianity rose within the period of the Roman Empire it was not practiced but rather played an important part during the decline of the empire. The Greco-Roman religion had a diverse set of gods and goddesses who seemed to regulate human life. The Parthenon on the Acropolis of Athens, Greece was dedicated to the goddess Athena, whom the people of Athens considered their patron. Socrates, the founder of philosophy, informed classical Mediterranean political theory by beginning to use the words of what is fair, just, and unfair. He motivated his pupils to question the “accepted ways”...
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...Roman Empire was then based on ten theories the invasion of barbarians, environmental impact, excessive military spending, inferior technology, inflation, political corruption, rise in Christianity, unemployment, and urban decay.
Although, the Greco-Roman history showed tremendous advancements and political achievements their decline was inescapable. They generated many features American framers used to create the Constitution, including the use of the Senate. The importance of the Greco-Roman history contributions would later be revived in further civilizations. Greeks impressive invention of the Triremes and philosophical teachings is their ultimate legacy whereas the Romans mastered engineering and dominated law. The importance of knowing and understanding the Greco-Roman classical civilizations is to grasp the present and the use of selective revival.
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