Classical Conditioning Vs. Operant Conditioning Essay

Classical Conditioning Vs. Operant Conditioning Essay

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From the time we are born to the time we die, we learn new things every day, everyone knows that if you learn something new a day then you are doing okay. However, what most people do not know is how we learn and how our minds become disciplined while we are learning. There are two ways that we, as humans, learn new things. One is called classical conditioning. Classical Conditioning is a process where one object is connected with another object that generates a certain response. The second way is call operant conditioning, which is more commonly used. Operant conditioning uses rewards and punishments for our actions. Both ways have been studied by psychologist by research and experiments.
Like most of us, our inspiration came from our dogs or animals. This is the case for a famous psychologist named Ivan Petrovich Pavlov (Bernstein, 2016). He noticed that while he was carrying an empty dog dish, his dog instantly started to salivate despite the dish being empty. He was curious as to why this was the reaction of his dog. After his studies and research, he created what we now know as classical conditioning. Classical conditioning is a process where one object is connected with another object that generates a certain response. Classical conditioning happens every day without people realizing it. For example, a car crash is a common thing, but also causes responses that most people do not always realize. If you were to hit black ice on a highway causing you to spin out and hit another car in the process, that’s a scary thing to happen. It will make you dread or even refuse to drive in snow or even the winter ever again. Getting in a car crash automatically creates fear to the people involved, the fear is called unconditioned response...


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...ild would not finish their dinner, they would not get a dessert and eventually their food will also be taken away. Having something taken away from a situation is called negative reinforcers. Both of these reinforcements a are meant to gain a certain response occur.
In conclusion, classical conditioning and operant conditioning has become very important to psychology. Both have a great meaning in what it takes to learn new things and to learn from past mistakes. Pavlov, Thorndike, and Skinner have proven their theories about learning through research and experiments on animals. To reinstate, classical conditioning is two objects being connected together getting the same response over time when the response is only natural for the first object. Operant conditioning a behavior or action learned by receiving rewards and punishment for their achievements and failures.

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