The work of J.B Watson and other behaviourists argued psychology should be indicative of predicting and controlling overt behaviour using the conditional reflex. (J. B. Watson, 1994) In 1938 Watson published his paper outlining the behaviourist’s interpretation, discussing this as a new psychological, scientific and objective experimental approach in examining observable behaviour. (J. B. Watson, 1994) Classical conditioning as discussed by (Clark, 2004) was realised through the work of Nobel Prize winner Ivan Pavlov for his findings in the areas of physiology and digestion. Nevertheless, in his acceptance speech he only referred to the phenomenon of conditional reflexes. Pavlov used dogs in his experiments where the amount of saliva secreted was measured when the dog was presented with meat powder. The paradigm as defined by (Colman, 2009) is one...
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Colman, A. (2009). Oxford dictionary of psychology (3rd ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Dhir, R. N. (2007). Educational psychology. India: Global Media.
Field, A. P. (2006). Is conditioning a useful framework for understanding the development and treatment of phobias? Clinical Psychology Review, 27(7), 857-875. doi:10.1016/j.cpr.2005.05.010
Gleitman, H., Fridlund, A. J., & Reisberg, D. (1999). Psychology (5th ed.) W W Norton.
Wanigaratne, S. (2006). Psychology of addiction. Psychiatry, 5(12), 455-460. doi:10.1053/j.mppsy.2006.09.007
Watson, J. B. (1994). Psychology as the behaviourist views it. The Centennial Issue of the Psychological Review, Vol 101((2)), 248-253. doi:10.1037/0033-295X.101.2.248
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