Classical Conditioning, Operant Conditioning And Cognitive Learning Essay

Classical Conditioning, Operant Conditioning And Cognitive Learning Essay

Length: 763 words (2.2 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Knowledge and skills come from experience and study, and therefore a lot of the things we learn are from what we observe. In psychology, learning is divided into 3 different parts, so this essay will elaborate on them. The three are; classical conditioning, operant conditioning, and cognitive learning. First, the Classical Condition is characterised by the things that are not learned; that we are born responding to. Also, in the classical conditioning there is the neutral stimulus that causes a sensory response such as being seen, heard, or smelled. The second stimulus is the unconditioned stimulus, which is a stimulant that brings a person to perform a reaction. Also, the conditioned stimulus is when you already know what your reaction will be before the unconditioned stimulus reacts. Then, there is Operant Conditioning, which focuses on trying to increase or decrease a behaviour. Last, there is the Cognitive Learning also called modeling, which involves a mental process in which a person imitates what they see. (Major, Autumn 2016)
To begin, the classical Conditioning focuses on trying to create a new stimulus whenever the person hears or sees something. For example, everyone has emotional responses to certain situations which cannot be controlled and which happen instinctively. The neutral stimulus is what we call the instinctive reaction we get once something happens. For example, a baby that falls and gets hurt will immediately start crying which is his unconditioned response to the situation. The neutral stimulus connects to unconditioned response as well as the unconditioned stimulus. When we first react to a stimulus it’s our unconditioned response which I previously stated above, when we learn to react to a stimulus it i...


... middle of paper ...


...a person’s behaviour, but they will eventually follow certain things they observed from their model’s performance (Major, Autumn 2016).
To conclude, the three types of learning are different from each other and are included in our everyday life. The unconditioned learning is unlearned, the operant conditioning is our voluntary behaviour and modeling (cognitive behaviour) is learned by our attention and memory. I think that the operant conditioning is the best method to learn because it encourages people to maintain a good expected behaviour and it decreases the thoughts of negative behaviour. To learn is a principal of life that can also bring a change in certain behaviours because there is a growth in our level of maturity, and also, since we become conditioned to stimuli, we learn to react certain ways which helps us grow as people and decrease abnormal behaviours.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay Behaviorism or Social Cognitive Learning Theory

- Behaviorism and social cognitive theories are two great theories to use when setting up a behavior management plan in the classroom. They both offer reinforcements to get desired behaviors. Social cognitive theory focuses on observations that can be used to understand what and how people learn and how they take control of their own behavior (Ormrod, 2011, p. 323). Behaviorism focuses on environmental stimuli that changes individual’s behaviors (Ormrod, 2011, p. 285). Observing and taking care of own behavior and environmental alteration to change a behavior are the key differences between these two methods....   [tags: environment, classical conditioning]

Better Essays
1439 words (4.1 pages)

Classical Vs. Operant Conditioning Essay

- Classical and operant conditioning are similar in many different ways. They’re both the same by the learning that can be affected by the consistency frequency and time of the admiration. Classical conditioning pairs two stimuli and operant conditioning pairs behavior and the response. They can both phase acquisition and extinction and that may also be reversed by using other conditioning skills. These two conditioning each have their own differences by their different methods they use. Classical conditioning is a large type of learning that has to do with a major influence on the process that occurs through associations between an environmental stimulus and a naturally occurring stimulus....   [tags: Classical conditioning, Operant conditioning]

Better Essays
902 words (2.6 pages)

Essay on Classical Vs. Operant Conditioning

- Learning Learning is defined by psychologists as any change that occur in behavior due to experience. The behaviorism theory says that learning is the same for animals or humans. There are two type of learning: associative learning, which occurs when an individual put in relation two event, and the observational learning, which happens with observations and imitations. Conditioning, which is the procedure of learning the connection in the associative learning, is divided in classical and operant conditioning....   [tags: Classical conditioning, Operant conditioning]

Better Essays
1682 words (4.8 pages)

Pavlov 's Theory Of Classical Conditioning Essay

- Early in the 1900s a physiologist by the name of Ivan Pavlov devised an approach to the study of learning based heavily on behavior – something that could be easily seen, described, and measured objectively. Pavlov’s behaviorism theory posits that learning occurs through the process of classical conditioning. Classical conditioning occurs when two stimuli are presented close together. B.F. Skinner later built upon on Pavlov’s theory and formulated a principle of operant conditioning, which states that certain consequences (reinforcement – positive or negative) affect the frequency of voluntary behaviors....   [tags: Behaviorism, Classical conditioning, Psychology]

Better Essays
700 words (2 pages)

Operant Conditioning And The Conditioning Essay

- There are two types of learning, one is operant conditioning, and the other is classical conditioning. Operant behaviour is behaviour that is controlled through consequences. Operant conditioning consists of a behaviour, consequence (reinforcement or punishment) and likelihood of (staddon & cerutti, 2003). Skinner, who came up with this theory based his ideologies on the work of Thorndike, who had studied learning on animals using a puzzle box. He proposed the theory known as ‘the law of effect’ (Catania, 1999)....   [tags: Operant conditioning, Classical conditioning]

Better Essays
1022 words (2.9 pages)

Operant Conditioning The Process Of Learning Essay

- “Behavior theory consists of ideas about how human actions and emotions develop, are sustained, and are extinguished through principles of learning” (Walsh, 2010). Positive and negative reinforcement is used to help manipulate the behaviors of the individual. The theory has been used to help eliminate unwanted behaviors. In addition, behavior theory has been use primarily with children, and persons with developmental disabilities. According to Walsh (2010) behavior theory evolved in the 1960s from a field of philosophy to the field of science....   [tags: Behaviorism, Classical conditioning, Psychology]

Better Essays
1266 words (3.6 pages)

Psychology: Classical Conditioning Essay

- ... Watson coined the term behaviorism. This means it is referring to the school of thought that proposed limiting psychology to the study to overtly operable behavior. He and his assistant conducted a study that proved fear could be classically conditioned. He used a toddler to perform these experiments. In doing so, his testing has causes the American Psychological Association to have new standards in place to watch the safety of humans and animals alike when participating in experiments. Watson’s studies and research are utilized today in some therapies that help unlearn phobias....   [tags: behaviorism, stimulus, operant conditioning]

Better Essays
1145 words (3.3 pages)

Essay about Learning is Attaining Knowledge

- Learning is an action or experience of attaining knowledge. Each learning process comes from instruction and study. It aims for behavior modification that is permanent. Learning theories are defined as “attempts to systematize and organize what is known about human learning” (Lefrancois, 2011, p.25). Generally, learning can be categorized into three types: classical conditioning, operant conditioning and cognitive learning (refer to Figure 1 in Appendix 1). The first type of learning is classical conditioning....   [tags: Classical Conditioning, Operant Conditioning]

Better Essays
1160 words (3.3 pages)

The Theory Of Classical Conditioning Essay

- Psychology is a multifaceted science that embraces both conscious and unconscious parts of the human mind that includes a lot of sub-fields, such as human development, sports, health, clinical, social behavior and cognitive processes. Throughout the years, there have developed many theoretical approaches in order to categorise these fields, and create a structured field of research for psychology. Some of these approaches include behaviourism, psychoanalysis, cognitive and humanism. Although these approaches are the dominant viewpoints in psychology and have been praised for their main concepts and ideas, they have been met with various criticisms over the years....   [tags: Psychology, Behaviorism, Mind, Cognitive science]

Better Essays
1210 words (3.5 pages)

Classical vs. Operant Conditioning Essay

- Learning Thoughts on Learning “Learning is not compulsory. Neither is survival.” – W. Edwards Demming “Education is what survives when what has been learned has been forgotten.” – B.F. Skinner “I am always doing that which I cannot do, in order that I may learn how to do it.” – Pablo Picasso What is Learning. A relatively permanent change in behavior that results from experience Types of Learning • Classical conditioning • Operant conditioning • Cognitive and social learning Classical Conditioning: Examples • Sound of a dentist’s drill: sweaty palms • Smell of mom’s perfume: smiling • Sight of certain restaurant: nausea • Noise of a can opener: cat...   [tags: essays research papers]

Free Essays
438 words (1.3 pages)