One of the most astonishing discoveries of psychology is the classical conditioning of Ivan Pavlov (1849-1936).This discovery in particular, were so incredibly amusing to me for the reason that he was able to test how animals/humans can classically condition to certain stimulus. As well he discover that there can be a stimulus generalization which means that a similar stimulus to the original one can be conditioned to produce the same effect. For example, if a dog is spanked with a newspaper he can use the stimulus generalization with a belt. He found out that there can be a stimulus discrimination for example, if you have rolled a newspaper to use it to swap flies instead to discipline the dog over a period of time the dog won’t have the same reaction towards the newspaper or a belt. In fact, he saw that with a condition stimulus, he could make a unconditioned stimulus condition, he called this higher order conditioning. These means that if a beep is the condition stimulus each time that the beep beeps a green light turns on over a period of trials the same uncondition...
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...ments have taught me how people act and why. Before these learnings I thought people acted the way they did because they don 't really care for others, or that they would only help someone that they can get some benefit out of .But I learn that people do this odd behaviors to be socially accepted even if goes against their beliefs. This information will help me in my future to understand human behavior better and to know how to react to each life situation more efficiently. As well, to know teach and modify unwanted behavior by classically conditioning them to a more acceptable one. To tell the truth, I will now take action when I see someone in distress instead of thinking that help is already coming or they don 't really need help. In fact, I will keep disagreeing with people’s beliefs because I will know that they may be conforming their true beliefs and feelings.
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- Ivan Pavlov, a russian behaviorist, is known for his classic conditioning experiments. Classical Conditioning is a type of learning where we associate two stimuli. It is noted that his curiosity aspired when he noticed salivation ran on the tangent of putting food in a dogs mouth. He began noticing that the dog not only salivated to the food in its mouth but with the environment associated with food such as location, sight of the person feeding him, the food dish, even the sound of footsteps. Pavlov considered these “psychic secretions” an annoyance of his study until he realized it all apart of the form of learning.... [tags: Behaviorist, Experiments]
579 words (1.7 pages)
- Classical conditioning is the conditional programming of an organism to respond to a conditioned stimulus that seeks to enhanced and enforce a certain behavior in an organism. This is achieved through the use of classical conditioned stimulus or object that is presented with an unconditioned stimulus in an organism. Classical conditioning involves the use of a neutral stimulus in order to instil a classically generated behavior or response in an organism. Classical conditioning was first advanced by Ivan Pavlov who was the founding father of behaviorism.... [tags: stimulus, behaviorism, conditioning]
673 words (1.9 pages)
- In 1920, behaviorist John B. Watson and his graduate student Rosalie Rayner wanted to study classical conditioning in people. Classical conditioning is when two stimuli are paired and produce an effect off of the second stimulus, but eventually produce the same effect with the first stimulus individually. Watson believed they were capable of furthering psychologist Ivan Pavlov’s research on conditioning dogs to conditioning humans. Watson was a professor at John Hopkins University and of course, that was Rayner’s alma mater.... [tags: Classical conditioning, Ivan Pavlov]
1874 words (5.4 pages)
- Classical conditioning can explain almost every aspect of human behavior. John Watson proposed that the process of classical conditioning (based on Pavlov’s observations) was able to explain all aspects of human psychology. Every form of interaction from speech to emotional responses were just patterns of stimulus and response. Watson denied completely the existence of the mind or consciousness. Watson believed that all individual differences in behavior were due to different experiences of learning.... [tags: Classical conditioning, Ivan Pavlov]
1004 words (2.9 pages)
- Ivan Pavlov was born on September 26th , 1849 in Ryazan, a small village in Russia. He died on February 27th, 1936 at the age of 87. Inspired by the progressive ideas , Pavlov abandoned his religious career and decided to devote his life to science. In 1870 he enrolled in the physics and mathematics faculty to take a course in natural science. Pavlolv became very involved with physiology. He produced his first work on the physiology of the pancreatic nerves during his first course. He continued his studies in the Academy of Medical Surgery.... [tags: Classical conditioning, Ivan Pavlov, Behaviorism]
847 words (2.4 pages)
- After earning a Nobel Prize in Russia for his work on the digestive system, Ivan Pavlov changed courses when he accidently observed a form of learning through acquisition of associations in the late nineteenth century (Myers). Pavlov observed a dog salivating when food entered its mouth; he also noticed that not only did the dog salivate with the taste of the food, but with the sight of the food, or other stimulus that came before the food. Pavlov decided to introduce a tone, this novel stimulus caused an observed oriented reflex and the dogs turned their heads and their ears went up (teacher).... [tags: Classical conditioning, Ivan Pavlov, Behaviorism]
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- Whenever the bell rings in any school in any nation you are guaranteed to see students and teachers file into the hallway. This automatic response comes from something that has been around for a long time called classical conditioning. Classical conditioning was discovered and researched by Ivan Pavlov, a Russian physiologist. His famous experiment with his dog is known to nearly everyone who has had a middle school or higher education. He fed his dog in a pattern, every time he fed his dog he rang a bell.... [tags: Classical conditioning, Ivan Pavlov, Behaviorism]
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- Being that reality television plagues society and that I despise most of these shows, I hope to teach my friend not to like “Keeping up with the Kardashians”. I hope to accomplish this task through a type of conditioning, or learning, that I can apply to the situation in order to discourage the mental processes involved in watching “Keeping up with the Kardashians”. Ideally, through Ivan Paplov’s described conditioning methods, I can save my friend from the mistake of enjoying the television show.... [tags: Classical conditioning, Ivan Pavlov, Behaviorism]
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- In 1913 a new movement in psychology appeared, Behaviorism. “Introduced by John Broadus Watson when he published the classic article Psychology as the behaviorist views it.” Consequently, Behaviorism (also called the behaviorist approach) was the primary paradigm in psychology between 1920 to 1950 and is based on a number of underlying ‘rules’: Psychology should be seen as a science; Behaviorism is primarily concerned with observable behavior, as opposed to internal events, like thinking and emotion; People have no free will – a person’s environment determines their behavior; Behavior is the result of stimulus resulting in a response; and All behavior is learned from the environment.... [tags: Behaviorism, Classical conditioning, Ivan Pavlov]
1276 words (3.6 pages)
- The Little Albert Study is a well-known experiment, in the psychology field, that tested to see if a person can be emotional conditioned to a specific stimulus. The researcher, John B. Watson, was inspired by Ivan Pavlov’s experiment process, in which Pavlov conditioned the dog to drool every time he rings the bell. Motivated by his discovery, Watson wants to create an experiment to show that emotions can be conditioned to people as well. Classical conditioning is a learning process of one associating a stimulus to another.... [tags: Classical conditioning, Ivan Pavlov, Rat]
734 words (2.1 pages)