The Civilizations Of Mesopotamia And Egypt Essay examples

The Civilizations Of Mesopotamia And Egypt Essay examples

Length: 1231 words (3.5 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

The two ancient civilizations of Mesopotamia and Egypt coexisted in the Mediterranean world, however some aspects of their cultures differed from one another. Both civilizations viewed humanity as an aid to their higher power or gods. The relations between humans in Mesopotamia was usually a violent conflict over power or land. Whereas, Egyptians lived peacefully amongst one another because everyone was willing to serve their role in society, no matter where it was. Mesopotamians believed gods created people to provide for them, and they also controlled nature in disastrous ways as a punishment for humanity. Egyptians also believed that they are here to serve their god, but instead of punishment, their god bestows gifts on them every year to keep them faithful. Therefore, the civilizations of Mesopotamia and Egypt have scarce similarities in between their large differences in their cultures.
Humans were expected to act civilly and morally with one another. In Mesopotamia, each Sumerian state had its own aristocracy. There was a king, from which priests were drawn under him. Half of the population was independent or owned their own land, leaving the rest dependent or slaves. All citizens were expected to serve their rightful god and do what was necessary for him and their society. However, the outcome was much different. Each state served its own god, which meant every state wanted to glorify their city above all the others. This inevitably caused a conflict between the people of Mesopotamia and lead to the constant violence in their society. To instill some order in their society, Hammurabi introduced his code of laws. Hammurabi states in Hammurabi’s Code of Laws, “When the god Marduk commanded me to provide just ways for the peo...


... middle of paper ...


...hymn further shows that the Egyptian world view was that the Nile was the center of the cosmos and the lands beyond were hostile. Therefore, Egyptians paid homage to these gifts by working and showing their gratitude to the gods and the nature the gods provided.
In conclusion, Ancient Mesopotamia and Ancient Egypt are quite similar in some aspects in regards to their view of humanity. Both civilizations aim to please their rightful gods, however the interactions in the civilizations are much different. In Mesopotamia, humans are punished to a high degree with nature for not complying with their gods wishes. Whereas, Egyptians only receive gifts and praise from their gods and nature. Therefore, Mesopotamian and Egyptian civilizations showed minor similarities, but showed stronger differences in their cultures, which lead to their different ways of living and beliefs.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

The Civilizations Of Mesopotamia And Egypt Essay examples

- The two ancient civilizations of Mesopotamia and Egypt coexisted in the Mediterranean world, however some aspects of their cultures differed from one another. Both civilizations viewed humanity as an aid to their higher power or gods. The relations between humans in Mesopotamia was usually a violent conflict over power or land. Whereas, Egyptians lived peacefully amongst one another because everyone was willing to serve their role in society, no matter where it was. Mesopotamians believed gods created people to provide for them, and they also controlled nature in disastrous ways as a punishment for humanity....   [tags: Ancient Egypt, Nile, Mesopotamia, Egypt]

Better Essays
1231 words (3.5 pages)

Egyptian And Mesopotamian Civilizations : Egypt And Mesopotamia Essay

- ... This view developed from the many natural difficulties the Mesopotamians were troubled with. Their two water sources, the Tigris and the Euphrates, would flood violently and unpredictably, often destroying whole villages and cities. At times the rivers would produce fatal floods and on other occasions there would be droughts that would greatly reduce their water supply. The riverbanks would often be too steep and the rivers too wild to allow for transportation or trade. While Egypt enjoyed a natural perimeter that evaded invasion, Mesopotamia’s exposed plains gave way to repeated attacks....   [tags: Ancient Egypt, Mesopotamia, Egypt]

Better Essays
804 words (2.3 pages)

Essay about The Civilizations Of Mesopotamia And Egypt

- The two oldest civilizations known to man, Mesopotamia and Egypt. A lot of research has been done on these two civilizations to uncover their rules, beliefs, and to find out how they ran their society. When you compare the two you 'll notice that they have many different ways and rules that their kings made up for their civilization. For example their laws, how they viewed their gods, and economic development was different from one another. Also, you 'll notice that they have a few things in common too....   [tags: Ancient Egypt, Egypt, Nile, Egyptians]

Better Essays
806 words (2.3 pages)

Mesopotamia and Egypt Essay

- 1) I have chosen to discuss the civilizations of Mesopotamia and Egypt. Both have many significant similarities and differences. I would like to compare some important points in four common categories. I will compare and contrast the geography and its impact, the political structure of each society, the importance of their existing class structures and finally the role of women in these dynamic civilizations. Mesopotamia and Egypt were both in flood basins of major rivers. Mesopotamia was characterized by turmoil and tension and in contrast Egypt was characterized by stability and serenity....   [tags: Mesopotamia Egypt Civilizations]

Better Essays
1127 words (3.2 pages)

The Invention of Writing in World Civilizations by Either Focusing on Mesopotamia and Egypt

- The invention of writing was the beginning of information revolution in which it allows ideas and news to be conveyed in a distant place easily without having to heavily reliant on the messenger’s memory. The invention is valuable and crucial in ancient world civilizations such as Mesopotamia and Egypt as the writing systems recorded information such as the amount of agricultural crops as well as information relating to religion and government correspondingly. As a matter of fact, scientists had used writing as one of the “markers” of civilization....   [tags: civilization, formations, structures, style]

Better Essays
588 words (1.7 pages)

Exploring The Four Ancient Civilizations- Mesopotamia, Egypt, Greece and Israel

- Before the beginning of history, people from across the land gradually developed numerous cultures, each unique in some ways while the same time having features in common. Mesopotamia, Egypt, Greece and Israel are all important to the history of the world because of religious, social, political and economic development. In the first civilization, both Mesopotamia and Egypt relied on a hunter-gatherer economic system, during that time, every country in the world strived on it. Mesopotamia had rich soil for agriculture, but experiences floods....   [tags: World History]

Better Essays
1007 words (2.9 pages)

Taking a Look at Egypt and Mesopotamia Essay

- Two of the earliest and greatest civilizations, Mesopotamia and Egypt, show the transition from a Paleolithic society into a settled civilization. Both cultures had established kings; however, the Pharaoh is the god-king of Egypt, while in Mesopotamia the monarchs are priest-kings whom serve the gods. Although Mesopotamia and Egypt have some characteristics in common, which bring them under the “First Civilizations” category, their different views and beliefs about divine authority and how it is practiced set these civilizations apart and make them unique....   [tags: great ancient civilizations]

Free Essays
548 words (1.6 pages)

Ancient Mesopotamian And Egyptian Civilizations Essays

- ... Trading for ancient Mesopotamian and Egyptians shaped how they utilized the resources they found in their homeland and foreign places. Trading helped them stay up to date with technology that was always improving. Additionally, the rivers brought wealth to both civilizations and heavily relied on them for survival. As prosperous as they were, views on them differed. The floods that came through every year were seen as a gift from the Gods in Egypt but a punishment from the Gods in Mesopotamia....   [tags: Ancient Egypt, Mesopotamia, Egypt, Iraq]

Better Essays
775 words (2.2 pages)

How Did the Geographic Features of Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia Impact Civilization Development?

- Section A: Plan of Investigation During the years of 3500 BC to 2500 BC, the geography of a land often impacted a civilizations development in great measures. Depending on the resources available or the detriments present due to certain topographical characteristics like rivers or deserts, a civilization could flourish or collapse. By studying the geographic features of growing societies like the Nile, Euphrates, and Tigris Rivers as well as the Mediterranean Sea of Egypt and Mesopotamia, the link between developing cultures and geography will be examined through sources, including Egypt: Ancient Culture, Modern Land edited by Jaromir Malek and Babylon: Mesopotamia and the Birth of Civilizat...   [tags: ancient history, civilizations]

Better Essays
1772 words (5.1 pages)

The Civilizations And The Mesopotamian Civilizations Essay

- In today’s world there are many people that believe that the domain we live in today has flourished in wealth, and come a long way since the early ages. In the book “From the Tigris to the Tiber” Jones goes through the Roman, Greek and Egyptian Empires. He feels that if the these empires would admire the opportunities we have today and that they most likely would have taken better advantage of it than we do. In this paper, I will be discussing the Riverine Civilizations, the Mesopotamian civilizations, the beliefs, cultures, and developments of the Egyptians, and the advances of the Roman Empire....   [tags: Mesopotamia, Ancient Egypt, Egypt, Sumer]

Better Essays
1385 words (4 pages)