Humans were expected to act civilly and morally with one another. In Mesopotamia, each Sumerian state had its own aristocracy. There was a king, from which priests were drawn under him. Half of the population was independent or owned their own land, leaving the rest dependent or slaves. All citizens were expected to serve their rightful god and do what was necessary for him and their society. However, the outcome was much different. Each state served its own god, which meant every state wanted to glorify their city above all the others. This inevitably caused a conflict between the people of Mesopotamia and lead to the constant violence in their society. To instill some order in their society, Hammurabi introduced his code of laws. Hammurabi states in Hammurabi’s Code of Laws, “When the god Marduk commanded me to provide just ways for the peo...
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...hymn further shows that the Egyptian world view was that the Nile was the center of the cosmos and the lands beyond were hostile. Therefore, Egyptians paid homage to these gifts by working and showing their gratitude to the gods and the nature the gods provided.
In conclusion, Ancient Mesopotamia and Ancient Egypt are quite similar in some aspects in regards to their view of humanity. Both civilizations aim to please their rightful gods, however the interactions in the civilizations are much different. In Mesopotamia, humans are punished to a high degree with nature for not complying with their gods wishes. Whereas, Egyptians only receive gifts and praise from their gods and nature. Therefore, Mesopotamian and Egyptian civilizations showed minor similarities, but showed stronger differences in their cultures, which lead to their different ways of living and beliefs.
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