Essay about The Civilizations Of Mesopotamia And Egypt

Essay about The Civilizations Of Mesopotamia And Egypt

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The two oldest civilizations known to man, Mesopotamia and Egypt. A lot of research has been done on these two civilizations to uncover their rules, beliefs, and to find out how they ran their society. When you compare the two you 'll notice that they have many different ways and rules that their kings made up for their civilization. For example their laws, how they viewed their gods, and economic development was different from one another. Also, you 'll notice that they have a few things in common too.
According from research and my class lectures modern civilization as we know it began as a group of shabby huts in the ancient region of Mesopotamia. “Flowing from mountains in modern Turkey, the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers created an environment favorable for settlement”(Guisepi). Different groups of people happened to come upon this fertile land. The warm temperatures of the land allowed a permanent civilization to begin. Sometimes those temperatures reached sky rocketing numbers, it was recently reported that the temperature reach 160 degrees over in that area. Mesopotamia is a region which has a huge variety of geography combined into one expanse of land. There are rivers, valleys, mountains, floodplains, deserts, and marshes splotched around the region. However, the most important landmarks of them all are the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers. Without their annual flood, ancient humans would have had difficulty in surviving. As well as providing fertile soil, the rivers allowed for transportation, trade, and they gave food. “Farmers could cover more distance through the water to travel and explore and fishermen could catch a diversity of fish”(Guisepi). However, beyond the rivers were deserts and mountains, which isolated Mesopota...


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...nd tombs like Egypt, because it wasn 't anything to motivate them to build such great and difficult things.
Although their religion was the same their government was different. Egyptian society was governed by a theocratic monarchy, while Mesopotamia was ruled by a traditional monarchy. Ancient Egyptians were ruled by a pharaoh for most of their history. A pharaoh was a king who was viewed as god-like and possessing magical powers. And Mesopotamia was comprised of self-governing city-states, with each one operating as separate political and economic units. Aristocracies emerged, most likely because of disputes over resources, and were made up of kings, their families and nobility. All in all, though they have some differences both made significant contributions in areas such as mathematics, medicine, agriculture, astronomy, technology, architecture, art and writing.

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