The Civil War Essay

The Civil War Essay

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The Civil War
154 year ago, in the early morning of April 12, 1861 the Civil War officially began. The next four years were the bloodiest four years in American history. Leading up to the Civil War in November of 1860 Abraham Lincoln was elected president, he wasn’t even on the souths ballet and still won with 40% of popular votes and 59% of electoral votes. On December 20 South Carolina succeeded from the union. On December 26 US Major-General R. Anderson moved his troops from Ft. Moutrie in Charleston, Carolina, to Fort Sumter. On January 9, 1861 The Star of The West (An unarmed ship) brought troops and supplies into the Charleston harbor to reinforce Fort Sumter. The ship was fired on. In January of 1861 Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia and Louisiana succeeded from the union. On January 16th the Senate refused to consider the Crittenden Compromise which consisted of 6 proposals for constitutional amendments and 4 proposals for congress, one of those four meaning that the Federal Government couldn’t interfere with slavery where it already existed. On January 29th Kansas became the 34th state and entered as a free state. On February 9th Jefferson Davis was elected president of the confederacy (Unanimously). On February 11th president Abraham Lincoln left Springfield, IL and headed for Washington, D.C he arrived on February the 23rd and was inaugurated as president on March 4th.
At 4:30am on April 12th of 1861 Confederates under Pierre Beauregard opened fire with 150 cannons on Fort Sumter which marked the beginning of the Civil War. A couple days later President Lincoln summoned a special session of congress for july 4th and called in 75,000 militiamen. President Lincoln then offered Robert. E. Lee commander of the Union, ...


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...g path of destruction 60 miles wide all the way from Atlanta. On January 31 of 1865 The U.S. Congress approved the Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution which was to abolish slavery. In February a peace conference occurred as President Lincoln met with Confederate V.P Alexander Stephens in Virginia, the meeting failed and the war continued. In March there was Inauguration ceremonies for President Lincoln in Washington. On March 25, Lee 's Army of Northern Virginia began to attack on the center of Grant 's forces at Petersburg. Four hours later the attack is broken. Confederate Gen. Ambrose P. Hill was killed. Lee evacuates Petersburg and The Confederate Capital, Richmond, was evacuated. Lee then surrendered his Confederate Army to Gen. Ulysses S. Grant at the village of Appomattox Court House in Virginia on april 9, 1865. The Civil War was now over.

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