The Civil War was a war fought within the United States of America during the mid nineteenth century between the Northern States (The Union) and the Southern States (The Confederacy). The event was one of the most terrible chapters in American history. In total, the domestic incursion cost more than half a million lives. To The Confederacy, this incursion was a Southern Revolution. They believed that they were fighting to preserve the New World in the same way that the Founding Fathers fought for independence in their time. To the Union, this war was seen as a domestic rebellion. They (specifically Abraham Lincoln) viewed the secession as a domestic disturbance. It was never considered a war so much as a radical movement that needed to be stopped in order to preserve the Union. The conflict was one that was bound to end in flames, and yet was born of mere disagreements. Between the North and the South there lay deep economic, social, political and religious issues, very namely, the institution of slavery and its legality.
It is important to understand that the North and the South were bred with different social standards. The Confederacy was an agricultural community built on slave labor and a class system. The ranks of the class system included the wealthy elite, the middle class and the slave. Without industry, slave labor was the only practical means for the southern states to flourish the way that they did. The Union was a fast-growing society powered by immigration and industrial progression. Most citizens who were not executives or business owners worked in factories. There was strong opposition towards slavery as an institution as the Confederate lands held the only remaining slave-based society left in the world. Natura...
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...mically and politically and religiously. The war not only cost more lives than the Revolutionary War, War of 1812, Spanish War, The Great War, World War II, and The Vietnam War combined, but also tore the country apart physically. The Southern terrain was devastated by Sherman’s March to the Sea and other campaigns and many western towns were burned to ash. The disagreements of nearly three centuries that started with the forced labor of the native Indians was bound to erupt in conflict, but it could have been avoided with compromise and more discussion: a discussion that is still taking place today for minorities in America. Officially, the war ended at Appomattox Courthouse. In many ways it was nearly completed almost a century later with Civil Rights. But there are still struggles today that find root in the same arguments in the pre-secession era United States.
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