There were many causes of the civil war. One reason for the start of the war was the economic and social differences between the North and the South. In 1793, Eli Whitney invented the cotton gin. It removed the seeds from the cotton. Having the cotton gin sped up production and being able to pick more cotton meant that the South needed more slaves. The South became a one crop economy. It depended primarily on cotton and so they depended on slaves also. Many families in the South didn’t own slaves, but those that did owned fewer than twenty slaves. There were roughly four million slaves in the Southern economy. About two million worked in the cotton fields while the rest worked in homes, construction, mining, lumbering, or transportation. While the South was an agricultural economy, the North was an industrial economy. The North had five times the factories than the South and more than ten times the factory workers. Society evolved in the North as people of different cultures and classes had to work together. The arrival of immigrants from Asia and Europe presented competition in factories. Another difference between the North and the South that fueled the Civil War were tariffs. Tariffs are taxes placed on imported goods. When the government wanted to raise the tax, for the most part southerners were against it and northerners supported it. Southerners didn’t want to raise the ...
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...g, the Civil War was finally over. Even though at first it didn’t look the Union would be able to win, the Union kept fighting and was eventually able to claim victory. The Union lost over 360,000 men and the Confederacy lost around 258,000 men. As a result of the war, the South became more industrialized and most of the slaves were freed. The government built the transcontinental railroad into the west. The most important result, however, is that the country was united after the war.
Overall, the Civil War was one of the most important events of American history. There were many battles, but in the end the Union was victorious. Slavery ended and the country was unified.
Heiser, John. "What Caused the Civil War?" August 2002. Gettysburg National Military Park Kidzpage. April 2011
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