Hegel defines civil society as “the realm of organizations that lie between the family, at one extreme, and the state, at the other” (1821). Although this definition is still debatable, since many scholars think it as unsatisfactory and incomplete; it is commonly used while explaining or referring to civil society. Many people believe that civil society is the society in the country or around the world; truth is, it is not a group of people but it is a group of institutions and relations. Since not all institutions are the same, which ones should be counted as civil society is another problem in that ...
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...essive, then the civil society takes an antagonistic part against the state. Lastly, if the state is strong and fair to its citizens then the civil society and the state cooperate and work together.
For democratization process the civil society is important. It has to actively promote “government by the people and for the people” (Burnell, 158). But in the developing world, the civil societies are mostly traditional and they cause problems for the democratization since they make people believe that it will be their traditions that will vanish if the country becomes democratized. Another problem is that the non-government organizations can be corrupted. They start supporting the current regime rather than the democratization with the social movements. For an example, this situation happened in war-thorn Africa and Middle East countries which have Islamist movements.
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