The Civil Rights Of South Korea Essay

The Civil Rights Of South Korea Essay

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Secondly, in Republic of Korea, the concept of the civil right has not been defined relatively very well and Korean people got individual freedom at the later time than American people did. On the other hand, the concept of civil rights has been established relatively more clearly in the United States and there are some kinds of civil right movements that almost do not happen in South Korea such as racial discrimination problem. In the case of South Korea, it has not been a long time relatively since democracy was introduced to the nation. In other words, the rights of individuals have been protected for a shorter time than they have been in the United States. There were several significant democratic movements that got South Korea into a democratic country including the April 19 Revolution in 1960 led by labor and student groups, which overthrew the autocratic First Republic of South Korea under Syngman Rhee (1), the Gwangju Democratization Movement in 1980, the June Pro-Democratic Resistance in 1987 and many other democratic movements in Republic of Korea. Citizens of South Korea got system of direct election of the president through the June Pro-Democratic Resistance happened in 1987 that was a nationwide democracy movement in South Korea that generated a large number of protests from June 10 to June 29, 1987. The demonstrations forced the ruling government to hold elections and institute other democratic reforms which led to the establishment of the Sixth Republic, the present day government of South Korea (2).
In contrast, the United States has a longer history regarding civil right movements than Republic of Korea does. For instance, NAACP member Rosa Parks refuses to give up her seat at the front of the "colored section" o...

... middle of paper ... People have freedom of speech, creed, education and etc. However, the United States covers equity among races while South Korea does not because the nation is consisted of almost one ethnic group. In the second place, in Republic of Korea, the concept of the civil right has not existed for a long period and Korean people got to have individual freedom at the later time than American people did. On the other hand, the concept of civil rights has been established relatively more clearly in the United States and there are some kinds of civil right movements that rarely happen in South Korea such as racial discrimination issues. There are some gaps in the degrees of the legal punishment for crimes that violate someone 's rights between South Korea and the United States. For these reasons, both of the laws of the two countries have more differences than similarities.

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