The Civil Rights Movement Essay

The Civil Rights Movement Essay

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To understand the systematics of the Civil Rights Movement; you would have to first understand why the Civil Rights Movement took place. American citizens were being classified by the color of their skin. If your skin tone was white you had full citizen rights, however if your skin tone was of darker hue; you were considered a second class citizens. Being an African American meant they were not good enough to have full citizenship rights despite the Emancipation Proclamation and the Fourteen Amendment. Racial tension began to rise between the white citizens and black citizens of America. White children were receiving the best education money can buy. African American children were receiving the poorest education money can buy. African Americans became frustrated over the school system. The first peaceful revolt for integration was the lawsuit was brought against the school system. Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka (1954). Chief Justice Warren opinion was that “separate but equal has no place in the public education”. With the winning of this lawsuit it also brought the Civil Rights Movement to the nation’s attention. Two men propelled to the forefront of the Civil Rights Movement as leaders; Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. and Malcolm X. Their agenda was to seek equal rights for all Americans. But both men differ on the approaches needed to reach these goals; one believed using nonviolence was the answer; while the other advocated violence. Many people argue that the success of the nonviolent movement would never have happened if it weren’t for the threat of a more violent civil rights struggle.
African Americans had begun to create uprisings throughout the cities during the 1950s - 1960s. The nation faced tumultuous time...


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...d the promise of a new Reconstruction, more sweeping, more enduring than what had transpired a century earlier” (Litwack 2009). The Black Power Movement emerged.
Within this deep divide, the Black Power Movement tested the relationships between black citizens and white citizens and was promoting separatism. The new generation of the movement became more militant and more radical. They believed that they were victims of Americanism and did not see the American’s Dream. They believe they were in America’s nightmare. For some African Americans the Black Power Movement meant “bullets not ballot”. The Black Power Movement had taken the Civil Rights movement to another level. The goal of the Black Power Movement was to overthrow the white-run government. However instead it bought and end to the Civil Rights Movement, and never became mainstream.

























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