Prior to 1955, African-Americas in the south as well as the north had been denied the rights of fellow white Americans. Rights that had been granted to them under the 13th, 14th and 15th Amendments to the U.S. Constitution a law which white people wrote and were supposed to uphold. In the mid-1900’s, African-Americans began to challenge their stance in American society, no longer would they be viewed as second-rate citizens. This was due to the revival of the Harlem Renaissance and the Civil Rights Movement, which began with the courageous actions of one woman in Montgomery, Alabama. On December 1st, 1955, Rosa Parks, a 42-year old seamstress refused to yield her seat on a bus to a white man. She was arrested on the spot and fined fourteen dollars. Her bold courage issued forth a domino effect of non-violent protests that would break down the iron gate of segregation. As we read her story and the story of the Montgomery Bus Boycott first hand from the articles published in the New York Times, we saw that her actions and the boycott that ensued was the most significant event of 1955. We will discuss the differences in the news reports that we gathered on the event and the various articles that have been written within the past ten years, after the end of the Civil Rights Movement. One will see, as we did, that there is a distinct difference in viewpoints of the authors of these respective pieces.
As stated earlier, The Montgomery Bus Boycott started when Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat on the bus to a white man. This type of event rarely happened in the south, which thought of African-Americans as lesser human beings. Montgomery’s black community soon issued thei...
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...at if Baldwin were to hear this case in court, he’d find us guilty as charged.
“Buses Boycotted over Race Issue” Dec. 5th, 1955
Phillips, Wayne. Negro Pastors Press Bus Boycott By Preaching Passive Resistance, New York Times, March 22, 1955.
Barrett, George. Bus Integration In Alabama Calm, New York Times, December 21, 1955.
Negro Leaders Arrested In Alabama Bus Boycott. No author
Buses Boycotted Over Race Issue. No author
Negroes Boycott Cripples Bus Line., New York Times, January 7, 1955.
Religious Revivalism in the Civil Rights Movement. No author
Burns, Stewart, ed. Daybreak of Freedom: “The Montgomery Bus Boycott.” Chapel Hill: The University of South Carolina Press, 1997.
Leventhal, Willy S., et al., eds. “The Children Coming On . . . A Retrospective of the Montgomery Bus Boycott.” Montgomery: Black Belt Press, 1998.
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