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...their own class may not align with more objective measures. In the third class-based perspective, I include a measure of subjective social class, or individuals’ perceptions of their own position within their respective nation’s socioeconomic hierarchy. Similar to Weber’s concept of life-chances, individuals who perceive themselves as lower class—even if more objective measures seem to contradict this conception—may feel more threatened by immigrants, who might be perceived as competing with them for similar jobs and other resources. Thus, these three models encompass a primarily objective concept of class (Marx), an entirely subjective measures of class (self-reported social class), and a set of class-based concepts that are both subjective and objective (Weber). Each set of social class measures may exert various influences on attitudes toward immigrants.
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