C. G. Jung who was a Swiss psychologist suggested the concept of a journey of a hero for the first time. He wondered how religious life views the life as a spiritual journey and concluded that the main role of religion is giving the ritual means to believers so that they can follow and emulate a journey of a hero; such as the religious practice of Buddha and Jesus. Jung finally defined this “individuation.” Then the American mythographer Joseph Campbell popularized Jung’s concept in this book called The Hero with a Though...
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...sible. He accepted his mortal existences and learned that it is more important and valuable to focus on his given life and his life as a king who takes care of his city than keep seeking for immoral life.
Arrogant Gilgamesh who did everything only for himself explored the unknown place, was challenged and faced many difficulties and thresholds, such as a temptation, the death of his friend, the test that he must stay awake seven days to earn eternal life, and indecision. As a result, after his long adventure, he finally learned a lesson and had inner development. According to the journey of Gilgamesh, The Epic of Gilgamesh reveals how the ancient Sumerians thought about the life through the hero Gilgamesh, if he was a real person. Everlasting life is not important. The most important part that humans have to know is current life. Value the life that has given to one.
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- The Epic of Gilgamesh is an epic poem that was one of the first works of literature, from ancient Mesopotamia. The epic main character is Gilgamesh, and Enkidu. Gilgamesh is two-thirds god and one-third human and he is the king of Uruk. Despite being the protector of the city, he is a rapist and the gods send Enkidu to defeat Gilgamesh. However, when they meet and battle they become commendable friends afterwards. Together they go on several journeys throughout the first half of the epic and once Enkidu dies, Gilgamesh spends the second half of the epic searching for eternal life.... [tags: Epic of Gilgamesh, Ishtar, Mesopotamia]
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