Cicero 's Against Catilina Orations Essay

Cicero 's Against Catilina Orations Essay

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Cicero’s Against Catilina orations tells the reader way more about Cicero himself than what it’s like being a Roman consul during the Roman Republic. That’s not to say that Cicero’s orations don’t tell you anything about what it’s like being a Roman consul, because they do, it’s just that one gets way more insight into Cicero. Written works tell you more about the author than they could ever tell you about the subject. From this speech alone, one now knows about all about Cicero’s morals and values. He values reputation very highly. He also has a certain set of standards/morals that he holds himself and everyone else to. He doesn’t neglect those morals and he doesn’t expect others to either.

First off, the prosecution of Catilina is really big for Cicero. This is the big case that could potentially prove Cicero’s worth. Cicero comes from a poorer family, outside of Rome, while most of those in the Senate came from really rich family with old money invested within the land. Their names held power and meaning, because of the family history behind them, but Cicero didn’t have any of that. His family name does hold as much weight and power as the names of others. The other senators all called him a new man “novus homo”. He won his consulship by complete chance. No one actually thought he would do much, but Cicero set out to make a name for himself. To make his name power and known. So he began looking things by which he would be able to prove himself. He was actively searching for suspicious activity within Rome, hoping that it would be his big break. And that is what this was. By exposing Catilina’s plot to destroy Rome, Cicero could prove his worth within the eyes of Senate and the people of Rome. Throughout all of these speeche...


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...to save Rome. Essentially he says that while he doesn’t want to do anything like this, he could if the safety of Rome was at stake.

Everything that Cicero has written, has told the reader way more about him than about anything else. Cicero’s core morals and values shine through in his writing. He is a man who is constantly trying to prove his worth in the eyes of the people. He highly values reputation, and according to him, it is the lifeblood of the Senate. Reputation is what makes you important. It’s what makes you noticeable. He also values Rome above all other things. He thinks that as a Roman consul, one should also highly value Rome, as well as have a sense of duty and honor. Cicero also happens to be a stickler for the rules and refuses to break any, because in doing so, he would be betraying the Roman people and Rome herself. To Cicero, Rome is everything.

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