Nearly 86 years ago, Dr. Harrison Martland penned the first clinical delineations of what he termed “punch drunk”; a pattern of neurologic sequelae found in boxers (Martland, 1928). The condition would later become know as pugilistic dementia and then chronic progressive traumatic encephalopathy of boxers (Critchley, 1957; Millspaugh, 1937). Today this condition is called chronic traumatic encephalopathy or CTE and includes a wide array of clinical manifestations, ranging from mild cognitive, motor and behavioral dysfunction, to complete dementia with Parkinson's-like tremors (McKee et al., 2013). Those battling CTE often struggle with aggression towards others and are at high risk for suicidal behavior.
CTE occurs in patients with a history of blunt force, closed-head trauma. Although highly associated with groups prone to rep...
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