Essay on Chronic Diarrhoea in South Africa

Essay on Chronic Diarrhoea in South Africa

Length: 1725 words (4.9 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Powerful Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

The definition of chronic diarrhoea varies in the different references. The generally accepted definition is the frequent passage of stools (> 3 times per day) that are loose in consistency for a minimum duration of 4 weeks or more. The minimum duration of 4 weeks is set in order to exclude common infective causes of diarrhoea. The commonly accepted reference value for diarrhoea for the amount of stools passed per day is more than 200 g. it is important to note that it is just a rough guide as pathology in the distal colon may not increase the stool weight above 200 g / day. [clinical approach and management of CD] [evaluation of chronic diarrhoea] [guideline for the investigation of chronic diarrhoea, 2nd ed]
It is important to determine whether or not the patient has faecal incontinence. If faecal incontinence is present, refer the patient to the surgery department.
[clinical approach and management of CD]
There are no figures available for the incidence of chronic diarrhoea in the South African population. International figures suggest that the incidence is between 3 and 5 percent. [evaluation of chronic diarrhoea]
CLASSIFICATION [what is the ebst approach for chronic diarrhoea] [evaluation of chronic diarrhoea] [guideline for the investigation of chronic diarrhoea, 2nd ed]
Urgency and cramping Urgency and cramping
Nocturnal bowel movements – pathognomonic of pathological No awakening at night due to bowel movements
Continuous diarrhoea Intermittent diarrhoea
Significant weight loss Normal physical examination
Bleeding per rectum
Greater stool volumes Smaller stool volumes
Abnormal laboratory results No gross abnormalities on laboratory results
New onset Known diarrhoea or sy...

... middle of paper ...

...e entails treating the symptoms and treating the cause. [clinical approach and management of CD]
Empiric therapy is for chronic diarrhoea is warranted when one has a specific diagnosis in mind. It may only be given if the patient can be followed-up. [evaluation of chronic diarrhoea]
The link between gastrointestinal disorders, especially pathological chronic diarrhoea, is strong. In cases of severe malnutrition chronic diarrhoea may persist due to impaired immune function and poor mucosal recovery. Thus it is of the utmost importance to address the nutrition as a part of the holistic management of the patient. Specialised nutritional support via enteral or parenteral routes may be required to boost caloric and / or micronutrient intake. It is important to refer the patient to a dietician as early as possible. [nutritional consequences of chronic diarrhoea]

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Outbreak of Foodborne Illness in South Africa Essay

- 1. Location: Limpopo (South Africa) 2. Diseases listed: Malaria, Foodborne illness, Cholera 3. Details of a foodborne illness (salmonellosis) outbreak in Limpopo The South African Independent Online news, in their issue of Tuesday 28 January 2014, reported an occurrence of diarrhoea outbreak few days earlier at a lodge (Mokopane) in Limpopo. The first release of information was done by the provincial diseases’ outbreak response team on 27 January 2014 and mentioned that 42 people were hospitalized....   [tags: hospital, infected, diagnos]

Powerful Essays
803 words (2.3 pages)

Essay on South Africa: Nutrition in the KwaNuyswa Community

- I have chosen to focus on nutrition in the KwaNyuswa Community for my Research Task. The KwaNyuswa Community is a traditional isiZulu speaking community and is situated in the Valley of a 1000 hills (See Map on the next page). It is a rural settlement located on the outskirts of Hillcrest. This community would have originated as a result of Apartheid. Apartheid was a system put in place by the National Party government of racial segregation in South African. Apartheid occurred from 1948 to 1994....   [tags: segregation, apartheid]

Powerful Essays
1848 words (5.3 pages)

Foreign Policy Of South Africa Essay examples

- 1) When examining the foreign policy of South Africa and the means with which they seek their objectives, the simple answer can be found in Chapter 7 of the National Development Plan (NDP), "South Africa’s foreign policy must be shaped by the interplay between diplomatic, political, security, environmental, economic and regional co-operatives dynamics that define early 21st century international relations '." (   [tags: Africa, African Union, South Africa, South America]

Powerful Essays
1987 words (5.7 pages)

South Africa As A Country Essay

- South Africa as a country, is known to be a free, democratic, and a developing country. Even more, most people refer to South Africa as the ‘’ Rainbow nation’’. Mainly because of its multicultural diversity, in addition to its long history of apartheid. However, because of its reputation, it has attracted many migrant foreigners from all over the world. Over the years, South Africa has been a host to a variety of African immigrants. For instance, in the 1980s, they welcomed immigrants from Mozambique and Nigeria....   [tags: Africa, South Africa, African Union]

Powerful Essays
1409 words (4 pages)

Essay on The Poverty Of South Africa

- Poorest Region, South Africa South Africa is the most ethnically diverse country in Africa. Poverty has not changed much from 1996 -2001. People in South Africa struggle everyday to find jobs and struggle to survive. Death rates are high and very little has been done to help South Africa get back up on it’s feet. Though there have been some improvements in South Africa, the coutry is still one of the least assisted and prosperous country due to an increase of AIDS, lasting impact of Apartheid, and poor economic development which is why the country’s struggles are so immense....   [tags: South Africa, Africa, Poverty, AIDS]

Powerful Essays
1493 words (4.3 pages)

The Apartheid Of South Africa Essay

- Apartheid in South Africa began in 1948, leading to decades worth of confusion and power control. As an outsider looking in, how did a minority party gain governmental rule over South Africa, leading to years of discriminations and division among their people. Many factors come into play when asking how apartheid even gained momentum. To go back to the basics, Christianity founded its roots in Africa, stemming from many different cultural ideas and wisdoms. Through the art of storytelling, religion spread quickly throughout the continent and rose to be a power for many people....   [tags: South Africa, Nelson Mandela, Africa]

Powerful Essays
707 words (2 pages)

Essay on The Apartheid Of South Africa

- Apartheid in South Africa On the other side of the Atlantic Ocean lies a nation comprised with many of the world’s natural wonders. One may be fooled into believing it is heaven on earth because of the rich money making resources. However, the history behind all the luxury is anything but enchanting. The home to thousands of people was impoverished by the attraction of the beauty, leaving the country devastated and frail. The alluring yet horrendous Garden of Eden is also known as South Africa. South Africa attracted many European colonists, especially the Dutch, causing them to settle and colonize there....   [tags: South Africa, Nelson Mandela]

Powerful Essays
1780 words (5.1 pages)

The Apartheid in South Africa Essay

- The Apartheid started in 1948 when Dr. Malan’s National Party beat the United Party who wanted integration. After the National Party won they had been given the Sauer report, which said that they had to choose between integration or an Apartheid. They chose the Apartheid which meant racial segregation of all of the races. They were split into 3 groups black, coloured and white and they were forced to move to an area specifically designated to their colour. There was petty Apartheid introduced so that black people couldn’t use the same building as white people....   [tags: South Africa Apartheid Essays]

Powerful Essays
1270 words (3.6 pages)

Essay on The Apartheid Of South Africa

- The Apartheid in South Africa is one of the best examples when it comes to discrimination and human rights. The blacks in South Africa were basically denied of their human rights and treated very terribly. The segregation was awful and the blacks were denied most everything. They were denied education, land, involvement in the government, healthcare, they even were denied entry into the city at some points. Blacks were beaten and tortured for no reason and the circumstances were awful for them....   [tags: Human rights, South Africa]

Powerful Essays
1602 words (4.6 pages)

Essay on South Africa

- South Africa The Republic of South Africa is located on the southern tip of the continent of Africa. It is slightly less than twice the size of Texas, about 1,223,201 square kilometers. Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Mozambique and Swaziland run from west to east along South Africa’s northern border. The country of Lesotho lies entirely within the borders of South Africa and is completely landlocked. The South Atlantic Ocean and the Indian Ocean surround the southern coast. South Africa is divided into nine provinces: the Northern Province, Kwazulu/Natal, Mpumalanga, Gauteng, the North West Province, the Western Cape, the Northern Cape and the Eastern Cape....   [tags: South Africa Governmental Cultural Essays]

Powerful Essays
3519 words (10.1 pages)