What is schizophrenia?
Schizophrenia is a chronic and severe mental disorder that affects one percent of general population in America. It affects one person’s sense of reality, sensory cognition, and thought perception. Schizophrenia happens a lot during one’s teens and early adulthood. People who have schizophrenia usually act as abnormal social behavior and can’t recognize what is real; they are difficult to live independently and bring huge burden to their families and society. “It has life-changing consequences, which can include lost or damaged relationships, disability, academic failure, unemployment, dependency, isolation, physical illnesses, jail or prison, and homelessness”(NAMI, p. 5). Most of the patients need accommodative medical treatment and controlled environments to stabilize them. Schizophrenia is hard to cure, and it affects throughout one’s whole life.
Causes of schizophrenia
There are many contributory factors were identify as the causes of schizophrenia, such as genetics, prenatal development, early environment, neurobiology, psychological and social processes. Among them, genetics, early environment, and psychological and social processes take the most percentage of the patients. About one percent of the population suffers with schizophrenia, but it happens in ten percent of people who have first-degree relative with this disorder, such as parents, brother, or sister. Researcher believes that several genes related to this increased risk of this disease, but it’s not caused by itself. Study shows that people with schizophrenia tend to have higher rate of mutation with these genes. Other research points out certain part of patients have this disease during their development of psychological and ...
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...ical treatment are also very different from one person to another. Some patients’ symptoms of schizophrenia will go away within few days after taking those treatments, such as hallucinations and anxiety. The other symptoms like delusions will disappear within a few weeks. About six weeks latter, many patients have much improvement comparing with the beginning. However, some patients respond in a slower way. They might need to test varied medications treatment before finding the right one. Besides, symptom relapsing is very common for the patient with schizophrenia. Especially for those patients stop taking the medication after they are feeling better and don’t want to take them anymore. All these together making treating with schizophrenia is not an easy work. Patients usually need to these medical treatment for a very long time.
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