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The best available evidence suggests that Christopher Columbus (Cristoforo Colombo in Italian; Cristobal Colon in Spanish) was born in Genoa in 1451.From the Catholic Encyclopedia we find his father was a weaver; he had at least two brothers-Bartholomew and Diego. Christopher had little education and, only as an adult, learned to read and write (www.newadvent.org.). Columbus has been known to have been corsair, unexceptional in the war against the Moors-they were a merciless pirates. Before Columbus was the age of sixteen, he sailed south of Guinea. While a young man, he became a through and good knowledge of astronomy and navigator. In the year of 1475, which would make him twenty-four, he is to have married a Portuguese woman whose name is not sure. Some author thinks Doña Felipa Moniz and sometimes as Doña Felipa Perestrella, however no one is sure which is correct. While in Portugal, he fired. Christopher left then because of fruitless waiting from his studies. He was to have made the statement in a Letter to the King Ferdinand saying he begun to navigate at the age of fourteen. Though in the journal of his first voyage in 1493, he is to have been on the sea twenty-three years, which would make him nineteen when he first became a mariner (Hodges, 18). He offered his own personal definitions and arguments about what he saw and thought about his new discoveries of Bahamans and his homeward voyage. In the text "Letter to Luis de Santangel,” Columbus writes about his crowning achievement with all his trips on the ocean sea.
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Columbus' "Letter to Luis de Santangel" written during an exciting time in history, which is why the text reads as though one can feel the anxiety and exhilaration of the writer. Columbus wrote to Luis de Santangel, who was an early supporter for Columbus' voyages, because he knew that de Santangel would appreciate the descriptions he had to offer. This was one of the first documentations about the new world of America, this letter from Columbus was a very significant one, and is printed throughout Europe. The letter begins with an extremely confident and proud remark. "As I know that you will have pleasure from the great victory that our Lord hath given me in my voyage, I write you this” from the website www.americanjouneys.org. This sentence by Columbus describes how he believes God has labeled his first voyage as being a great victory. I believe the first voyage is a great victory because of the way Columbus describes the new world as being paradise. Columbus would not have been as enthusiastic and proud in his writings if he did not believe the discovery of the new world was a positive achievement. Another passage in this text, which shows the idea of America as paradise, is “In it there are many harbors on the coast of the sea, beyond comparison with others which I know in Christendom, and many rivers, wonderful and glorious large, which is marvelous” (www.americanjouneys.org). This excerpt from Columbus about the shore of the new world describes how the inlets of the coast make for great harbors. This was an extremely important detail for explorers during that time in history. Seaports and inlets allowed explorers and the people of the land trade and travel with ease. Columbus knew that harbors were a very significant aspect of land as a territory and as a central reason why an area described as marvelous. Another quote from Columbus' letter that is significant is “All are most beautiful, of a thousand shapes, and they are accessible and filled with trees of a thousand kinds and tall, and they seem to touch the sky”(www.americanjouneys.org). This quote describes the mountain ranges, which Columbus discovered. He wrote that the curves of the range are beautiful and life. The next line from Columbus tells of the significance of the mountains being overwhelmed with trees. “And I am told that they never lose their foliage, as I can understand, for I saw them as green and as lovely as they are in Spain in May, and some of them were flowering, some bearing fruit, and some in another stage, according to their nature” (www.americanjouneys.org). This passage compares the discoveries of trees, flowers, and agricultural life on the new world to those that in Spain, the motherland. For Columbus to make this comparison to his home country is very significant. Columbus had pride for Spain, and he knew how wonderful and elaborate it was in every aspect. The discovery of details that reminded Columbus of his homeland, suggests that America was an absolute paradise. “In it is marvelous pine groves, and there are very large tracts of cultivatable lands, and there is honey, and there are birds of many kinds and fruits in great diversity. In the interior are mines of metals and the population is without number” (www.americanjouneys.org). This passage from Columbus' letter describes the land as being very agriculturally friendly. He tells how there is plenty of land to harvest crops on and how there was already plant life on the terrain. This is a significant part of making the new world paradise because agriculture was an important aspect of living back in that time period and to have a landscape as sufficient as the one in America meant having a good harvest year after year. Columbus also told of the countless number of metals he found in the mines in the new world. They used for making tools, cooking, and eating utensils, or even some sort of tradable material. Columbus knew that an abundance of resources was a sure sign of good land, and how his people could make use of it. A final quote from Columbus' "Letter to Luis de Santangel" is “Espanola is a marvel” (www.americanjouneys.org). Espanola is the term Columbus gave to the new world at that time, and he describes it as being a marvel. A marvel is a word, which implies beauty and breath taking detail. Columbus' definition of the new world being a marvel is a perfect fit because as he saw, the land was more than he had wished for.
When Columbus was on his way back home, he was able to keep a log of his travels from the book The Log of Christopher Columbus during the months of January 16 to March 15 1493. When he first started his journey, his seamen were dismayed because they were off course from there way home. He was compelled to returned to the direct course to Spain, N.E., by East. During his trip at the beginning, the weather was good; however, it turned deadly over night. By January 17, the wind had picked up thought the next week the crew had seen lots of seaweed, strong winds, and sea begin clogged down with tuna able to move though, and many thanks to God just to be here. As one read his log, he goes to say thanks to God I went 57 ¾ miles (51/4 knots). Someday we go farther than before, other less than, some the sea is mean and he follows the North Star. In February, he was told the island of Flores lies in to the north. He anchored his boat at the island of Santa Maria middle February. The people there rejoice when he tells them he has discovered the India. After many terrible storms from his notes and log, Christopher was able to make it into the land, which was Rock of Sintra, near the river at Lisbon.
Exploration narratives were used to describe the discoveries of new places and people back in history. Christopher Columbus was one of the first explorers to write one of these narratives. Columbus wrote about his voyage to a new world and his discovery of America. He can always be remember for his famous quote to crew before sighting America in 1492 “I must sail on until with the help of our Lord , I discover land” (Hutchinson,145 ), He used detail in his writings and hoped it would correctly show his views and ideas about the new world. Columbus wanted to portray America as being a paradise, which had everything an explorer wanted. Columbus died in Valladolid and buried in Las Coevas Seville cathedral.