Essay about Christians and Muslims In the Middle Ages

Essay about Christians and Muslims In the Middle Ages

Length: 1959 words (5.6 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Powerful Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Part A
1) In several ways, Christians and Muslims in the Middle Ages shared in their approach to dealing with the infidels living in their lands, particularly in their proclamation of legal edicts defining the level of toleration and the protection offered those nonbelievers. Yet, however similar the two society's legislative relations were in managing minority faiths, there still existed minor fundamental differences stemming from disparities in their societal structure.
A study of the legal decrees of either society reveals they both desired to maintain hegemony and obtain respect (manifestly and psychologically) for their faith. They also both capitalized on the ability of infidels to perform tasks considered necessary yet sacrilegious, or that they were more suited to because of their involvement in trade. Conversion of the unbelievers to Christianity or Islam was also a primary goal. To accomplish all of these, Christians and Muslims instituted laws delineating the level of toleration and subjugation of minority faiths.
In medieval Christian society, one example of legislation outlining these goals can be found in the Codex Justinianus, or Justinian’s Code. In "Title Nine: Concerning Jews and the worshippers of the heavens," legislation prohibits Jews from attacking or insulting converts from Judaism to Christianity, marrying Christians, blaspheming or insulting Christianity, engaging in defamatory acts such as the burning of crucifixes, circumcising Christians, proselytizing, holding public office, or building new synagogues (although they were permitted to repair existing ones). Many of the same laws applied to Muslims. At the same time, the Codex guaranteed certain rights and protections to Jews. Jews were not to be...


... middle of paper ...


... encountered in carrying out their inquisitive duties in Germany. They have apparently encountered "impediments..in the exercise of their office."
The pope is therefore reinforcing the inquisitors' power to conduct inquisitions for the sake of "[preventing the] ruin of others who are innocent." He also gives them the power to punish those selling their souls to the devil in return for magic and witchcraft, with imprisonment, and unspecified "correction" and "punishment." This excerpt reveals its Medieval provenance in the fear expressed by its words. Magic and witchcraft were high items for concern in the Middle Ages, which was a foremost religious world, and which put much greater faith in the power of Evil than might be said of our modern times. Magic was considered to be tied to the Devil, and the practitioners of its craft were therefore considered heretics.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

The First Four Crusades in the Middle Ages Essay

- The crusades in the middle ages were a long-lasting series of vigorous wars between Christians and Muslims over the Holy Land, Jerusalem. The crusades lasted for almost two hundred years. They began in 1099 and approximately ended in 1291. (What were the motives, and causes of these gruesome wars?) is the first question one might ask. To properly answer this question, I am about to analyze the first four crusades that had began in 1099 and ended in 1212. “Where there’s smoke, there’s fire” To understand the causes of the crusades, we must have a solid understanding of the Islamic world and Europe backgrounds – respectively....   [tags: Middle Ages, Crusades, military, religion, ]

Powerful Essays
907 words (2.6 pages)

The Middle Ages Essay

- The people of the middle ages showed their faith in many ways some were through prayer or fasting and others took a more violent approach. The Crusades were a way for men to resolve themselves of their sins according to Pope Urban II. This was also a way for the Crusaders to take back what they believed was stolen from their ancestors and their god. This was not only from the men who went to fight, there were also the elderly, women, and children who felt they needed to go help their faith. This would also make the Muslims who had control over Jerusalem because they believed it was their holy land as well....   [tags: Crusades, First Crusade, Middle Ages]

Powerful Essays
823 words (2.4 pages)

Islam And The Middle Ages Essay

- The Middle Ages was a time period from 500 CE to about 1500 CE. During this time, Christianity spread slowly across Europe, and eventually became a dominant religion in the world. Along with the spread of Christianity, the rise of Islam, from a global perspective, was the most important event of this period. In the Mediterranean world, the Middle Ages saw the institutionalization of several monotheistic religions. Islam and Christianity were very deeply rooted in the cultures and societies during this time, and this can be seen in the social hierarchy of medieval Islamic and Christian societies....   [tags: Islam, Christianity, Middle Ages, Bishop]

Powerful Essays
1208 words (3.5 pages)

Essay on The Crusades of the High Middle Ages

- The Crusades of the High Middle Ages The Crusades of the High Middle Ages (a.d. 1050-1300) was a period of conquest or rather, reconquest, of Christian lands taken from Muslims in the early Middle Ages. It is an era romanticized by fervent Christians as the time when Christianity secured its honorable status as the true religion of the world. The affect of the Crusades is still with us today. It sailed from Spain and Portugal to the Americas in the fifthteenth century aboard sailing ships carrying conquistadors who sought new territory and rich resources....   [tags: Papers]

Powerful Essays
824 words (2.4 pages)

Usama, The Middle East, and The Crusades Essay

- The selection from Usama Ibn Munqidh’s Kitab al-l’tibar otherwise know in English as the Book of Contemplation is a book in which Usama provides a series of short vignettes as a testimony to his experiences in the medieval Middle East and the Crusades. Through his writings the reader is able to get a Muslim account of the Crusades. It is largely a personal account so many details are left out and much background knowledge is assumed. It also is not the most unbiased source as supported by Usama’s frequent utterence that “Allah render them [The crusading Christians] helpless” (Ibn Munqidh 197) Usama also makes no attempt at analysis or understanding and just writes exactly what he observed wi...   [tags: The Middle Ages]

Powerful Essays
1516 words (4.3 pages)

The Middle Ages : The Age Of Faith Essay example

- The Middle Ages are sometimes referred to as the Age of Faith because “religion was so pervasive in European society… [that] villages were organized around local churches, and larger towns would devote generations of labor and resources to build large cathedrals” (Thompson) as well as citizens following God’s vision. Durning the medieval period, both Christianity and Islam religions follow the concept of faith and words from God, but each has their own limits and methods to approach the idea. From roughly 1000 AD until modern day time, faith has been considered an important element of Christianity and Muslim in which each individual has a specific faith that is unique to them and no one els...   [tags: Islam, Christianity, Religion, Jesus]

Powerful Essays
1118 words (3.2 pages)

The Power Of The Middle Ages Essay examples

- Religion has always been a key component of power in history. From the ancient Roman gods to the power of the Pope the power struggle between secular and non-secular power has always existed. While the normal acceptance may be that the kings of the Middle Ages are known for manipulating and twisting religion to gain a larger following and more power, it goes both ways. Religious leaders have also plotted and schemed and manipulated their following and influence over the public to gain political power....   [tags: Pope, Popes, Byzantine Empire, Holy Roman Empire]

Powerful Essays
1629 words (4.7 pages)

Essay on The Crusades And The Middle East

- In the late eleventh century the majority of people in Europe belonged to specific religions: primarily Christianity, Islam or Judaism. However, relations between Christianity and Islam had been hostile from the seventh to the fifteenth century, with Muslims invading the Holy Land, Central Europe, Italy, Spain and North Africa. This resulted in the principal reaction from the Christians: the Crusades. This movement lasted from Pope Urban II’s call-to-arms in 1095 to the crusade fought at Nicopolis in 1396 between European forces and the Ottoman Turks....   [tags: Crusades, Byzantine Empire, Middle Ages]

Powerful Essays
1828 words (5.2 pages)

Essay about The Church in the Middle Ages

- The Church in the Middle Ages By The Middle Ages, one understands a relatively long historical period extending from the end of the Roman Empire to the 1500's. The conquest of The Roman Empire by Germanic tribes, and synthesis of Germanic and Roman ways of life formed the civilization which we call medieval (medieval-from Latin words; medium (middle) and aevum (age)). Medieval civilization was greatly influenced by the Muslims in Spain and The Middle East, and by Byzantine Empire and Christians in Southeast Europe....   [tags: Papers]

Powerful Essays
2040 words (5.8 pages)

Muslims Essay

- Muslims I first became interested in learning about Muslims when I met a young man in a Speech class of mine. He was dark skinned, dark haired, and extremely handsome, so I decided to get acquainted with him. I asked him his name and he asked me if I wanted his real name or his made up name. I was a little confused and I asked him what he meant by that. He told me he was a Muslim and his "real" Muslim name is Sadat and his made up name is Danny. I was quite intrigued by, but a little confused by all of this, so I thought I would look further into the subject....   [tags: Muslim Islam Religion Essays]

Powerful Essays
1403 words (4 pages)