Christianity vs. Islam
Juan E. Ortega
University of Texas at El Paso
Christianity vs. Islam
Christianity and Islam are the two largest religions in the world comprising more than a half of humanity. The followers of Christianity are known as Christians and the followers of Islam are known as Muslims share much common ground. Both trace their roots to Adam, Abraham, Moses, David, Noah, Samuel and many others (Wikipedia, 2015). Together believe in prophecy, God’s messengers, revelation, scripture, resurrection of death, the centrality of religious community, monotheistic religion, heaven and hell, and the birth of Jesus. Also, Muslims and Christians both consider the Old Testament and the New Testament as divine scriptures. Moreover, church is in Christianity and the “umma” is to Islam. Despite these major connections, these two religions have many differences as well that distinct from each other.
First, Christianity and Islam believe in one and only God/ Allah (Both are monotheists), one God who is sovereign Lord, creator of the universe, gracious and merciful and who is the righteous judge. But Christians and Muslim see God in different perspectives.
The emphasis in the Islamic theology of God can be literally summarized in one word “tawhid”, which means “absolute unity” (Denny, 2011). This means that God is only one. Thus the main problem against Christianity is centered on the belief on the Holy Trinity. The word Trinity is a term used by Christian doctrine that implies that God exist as a unity of three different persons: father, son, and Holy Spirit. This is not to blame on people because trinity is not easy to understand, so people attended to detract from the mystery of the Trinity by human mind. Bec...
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