Christian Mission in the Carribean

Christian Mission in the Carribean

Length: 1365 words (3.9 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Excellent

Open Document

Essay Preview

More ↓
The Caribbean's Response to the Great Commission
History and Models of Response

Introduction
The Caribbean has been greatly criticized for losing its vision for missions. Indeed, the Caribbean region has changed from being a mission field to being a mission force. With this change, the region has been challenged to become involved in cross – cultural missions and aid in fulfilling the Great commission. Author Las G. Newman examines this critical issue in his article – "The Caribbean's Response to the Great Commission - History and Models of Response, published in the Caribbean Journal of Evangelical Theology, Issue #1.
He concludes that the Caribbean church is in fact fulfilling the Great Commission, especially in terms of the "Jerusalem" model outlined in Acts 1: 8. This writer will seek to summarize and critically analyze Newman's article, presenting her ideas and findings on this very interesting topic.

Las G. Newman begins his article by quoting the words of Canon Max Warren - "the Great Commission is Jesus Christ himself". Jesus is the model missionary and embodiment of the Great commission. There is no other commission given to the church except the Great Commission. Mission as defined by Newman is "the notion of agents being sent out to cross frontiers, to bear a message and to engage in a particular activity with clearly defined objectives on behalf of someone else".
In his introduction, Newman states that the gospel message did not reach the Caribbean until a millennium
and a half after Christ's death and resurrection. Christian missionaries did not visit the Caribbean region until the wake of the discovery of the "New World" by Christopher Columbus, five hundred years ago.

Christian Mission in the Caribbean
The Caribbean has experienced five centuries of Christian Mission in the modern era. In the late 15th century the Europeans first discovered the Caribbean. During the first two centuries of European colonization, the early Spanish conquistadors sought to Christianize the Caribbean with their medieval notions of Christian civilization. In fact, the first Catholic missionaries, the Franciscan and Dominican friars from Spain also pursued this policy. Following this, the Moravians introduced Protestant Missions in the 1730s. Then the Baptists, Methodists and Presbyterians arrived in the 18th century.
However, in the 19th century, evangelization was performed by the American and British Baptists among the African slaves in Jamaica and Trinidad. The Canadian Presbyterians who worked among the East Indians in Trinidad were also outstanding in their contribution.

How to Cite this Page

MLA Citation:
"Christian Mission in the Carribean." 123HelpMe.com. 20 Nov 2019
    <https://www.123helpme.com/view.asp?id=159605>.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay about Military Action, Operation Urgent Fury

- This paper is a perspective on the military actions that took place on October 1983 during President Ronald Reagan’s administration; this conflict was named Operation Urgent Fury. First we must understand why relations between Grenada and the United States began to deteriorate and understand the communist influence that Cuba and The Soviet Union had in Grenada. The threat posed by the anti-US Marxists to the nearly six hundred American students that lived on Grenada was a danger that we could not allow....   [tags: conflect, reagan, carribean]

Research Papers
899 words (2.6 pages)

The Mission Of The Church Is Mission Essay

- The Mission of the Church is Mission However we look at the purpose of the Church in the world today we cannot avoid the fundamental truths that God created us to firstly have communion with Him; then to fellowship with others who have also come to believe in the saving work of Christ; and also to witness to the lost who live in our midst. These three things I believe are inseparable and I want to focus on the last point after making some brief comments about the first two. God did not leave us in doubt about His love for mankind when we read throughout the Old and New Testaments about His provision of a way back to Him, even though it was Man who rebelled against God and so deserves His wr...   [tags: Religion Christian]

Research Papers
1385 words (4 pages)

Essay about Mission Schools or Christian Religious Schools in Africa

- Mission Schools INTRODUCTION: “Mission schools” or Christian religious schools were established mainly to increase the spread of Christianity. This reason it was done in this manner was because “education was an essential vehicle for spreading Christianity” (Booyse et al. 2011:114). Christianity was increasing and the proselytes were taught basic reading and writing skills to equip themselves enough to be able to read the Bible and other Christian literature. A multitude of mission societies were introduced and they advocated the spread of Christian Gospel and the provision of education....   [tags: missionaries, nelson mandela]

Research Papers
726 words (2.1 pages)

Mission And The Local Church Essay

- Mission and the Local Church The mission of the church commission by God has not changed. The church is a global enterprise that has entities in almost every country seeking the same goal. The churches mission surpasses time, change, and culture. The mission is unchanged but how it is achieved changes from culture and over time. “Mission is to be done that appreciates culture, taking into account the way the gospel is proclaimed and more deeply reflected upon, and this in ways that recognize the prior presence of God’s spirit among the world’s people (Bevans, 2013 page 8).” First Wesleyan Church seeking to fulfill the mission of the church to the unique culture of Bartlesville, Oklahoma....   [tags: Jesus, Christian terms, Bible, Strategic planning]

Research Papers
1324 words (3.8 pages)

Their Beliefs As A Christian Essays

- 1. Their beliefs as a Christian (Include sacraments) As Christian I believe in a Triune God -God the Father, God the Son and God the Holy Spirit-, and they are consubstantial “of one substance or one in Being”. God the Son is eternally “begotten” of God the Father own being, likewise, God the Holy eternally “proceeds” from God the Father. Therefore, we recite Apostles or Nicene Creeds, not because UMC is creedal church, but because it helps members come to our own understanding of the Christian faith....   [tags: Christianity, Christian terms, Trinity, Jesus]

Research Papers
949 words (2.7 pages)

The Mission Essay

- The lighted cross on the side of the red brick building proclaims “Jesus Saves”, the name commonly used to refer to the Denver Rescue Mission; the oldest, full-service Christian charity in the Rocky Mountain region. Many people know it by no other name. They may not know its real name, but they know its function in the community; a shelter and gathering place for the poor and homeless of Denver’s streets. At the Mission people will find a place to shower, a hot meal after each Gospel service, Bible classes, dental and medical clinics, clothing and counselors....   [tags: Religion]

Research Papers
2022 words (5.8 pages)

Essay about MISSION JUNO

- JUNO is a NASA mission to the planet Jupiter. The Juno spacecraft is scheduled to launch aboard an Atlas V-551 rocket from Cape Canaveral, Fla., in Aug. 2011. (www.nasa.gov). It will take 5 years to reach Jupiter, arriving in July 2016. It will orbit Jupiter 33 times. The purpose of the mission is to explore Jupiter’s structure and atmosphere. The main aim of this mission is to understand how the planet Jupiter originated and thus help us understand the evolution of the gas giants. This knowledge will also reflect upon our understanding of the origins of the Universe....   [tags: NASA, Mission, Planet Jupiter]

Research Papers
509 words (1.5 pages)

Mission Santa Ines Essay

- My report is on Mission Santa Ines which is 35 miles north of Santa Barbara among the rolling hills near the Santa Ynez River. The mission was established September 17, 1804 by Father Estevan Tapis as the 19th mission along El Camino Real. In the early 1700's, the country of Spain sent many explorers to the western world to claim land and find riches. When California was founded by several Spanish explorers, like Cabrillo, and De Anza, Spain decided to send missionaries to build missions. There are a total of 21 missions built in California....   [tags: Mission Research Paper Santa Ines Spain]

Free Essays
1878 words (5.4 pages)

Essay on Christian Mission to Muslims

- Since September 11, the Muslim communities have been under siege by the media and the entire world. We have seen how the miss conceptions of Muslims have spread all over the media. As a Christian I begin to think that they should be treated as normal people. “When a radical fundamentalist, start a sect with ideas that differ from what the Muslim religion stands for, we begin to stereotype all the Muslims as the same. But when a Christian begins a killing spree a cross the nation, know one stereotypes all the Christians as one.” As a Seventh Day Adventists Christian, I believe that we as a church body, we have to reach this people with compassion and understanding, because not all...   [tags: essays research papers]

Free Essays
2861 words (8.2 pages)

Essay on The Mission

- The Mission Culture is the expression of a people's creativity - everything they make which is distinctively theirs: language, music, art, religion, healing, agriculture, cooking style, and the institutions governing social life. To suppress culture is to shoot somebody in the heart. Such a conquest is more accomplished than a massacre. "We have seen the colonization materially kills the colonized. It must be added that it kills them spiritually. Colonization distorts relationships, destroys and petrifies institutions, and corrupts......   [tags: Papers]

Free Essays
592 words (1.7 pages)

John Morton from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada spearheaded this task, beginning in 1845. He remained in Trinidad until his death in 1912.

Models of Caribbean Mission
Newman defines a Model as "a representation of an idea or concept in concrete terms in such a way that, that representation can then act as a clear standard or example". He proposes three models of Caribbean mission, in response to the Great Commission.
The first model that Newman examined was the 'Ethnic Model'. This model ascertains that missionary endeavours are focused on people groups of particular ethnicities. It was influenced by notions of race ethnicity dominant in European ascendancy conceptions of the world at the time. Newman cites that since the mid 19th century African Caribbean Christians have been responding to the Great Commission in ethnically marked ways, taking the gospel to Africa, the Diaspora, and Britain. Caribbean Christians from other ethnic backgrounds have also responded to the Great Commission.
The second model Newman presented was the 'Mission to Caribbean Youth'. This model emerged at the end of World War II. It had several sources of origin, including C. Stacey Woods and Sir Kenneth Standard. The ministry of Youth for Christ is one aspect of the youth ministry model throughout the region. Closely related to this model is also the development of Bible training institutes and theological seminaries (for example the Jamaica Theological Seminary) in the immediate post - war period. Other noteworthy ministries are (the now defunct) International Missionary Fellowship and Youth with a Mission.
The third and final model recorded by Newman is the Mission to the New Urban Poor Model. Newman comments that "in one sense all the missionary thrusts in the Caribbean have been missions to the poor. However, the mission to the new urban poor focused intently on a multi - dimensional approach, its firm establishment in community matters and its need for a new theological understanding of mission. Four examples of this model were cited, including the St. Andrew settlement and the Catholic Missionaries of the Poor.
In his conclusion, Newman states his purpose for writing the article was, 'to show that the Caribbean church has been contributing to world mission since the very beginning of the missionary movement'. The Caribbean church has been fulfilling the Great Commission in a variety of ways - recruiting, training and sending missionaries cross - culturally, while responding to the needs of their own people.

The Writer's Reflection on the Journal Article
Newman writes a very good article. His arguments are clear and his paper is well – structured. There is also evidence of research and effective use of biblical texts. However, his introduction did not state his purpose and a basic outline of the points that would be covered in his article.
On the topic of the Great Commission, the writer disagrees with Newman that no other commission has been given to the church, except the Great Commission. According to the Oxford English Minidictionary the word commission means "the authority to perform a task; a task given; a body of people given such authority". Scripture passages such as St. Luke 10: 19 [Behold, I have given you authority to tread upon serpents and scorpions, and over all the power of the enemy; and nothing shall hurt you] and St. Matthew 18: 18 [Truly, I say to you, whatever you bind on earth shall be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven] show that God has given the church other commission. This writer would therefore adjust Newman's statement to say that ‘although other commissions have been given to the church, the Great Commission is the greatest of these'.
Newman's definition of mission, in the writer's opinion, could have been more theological. His definition was too general. Accordingly, in his definition, Newman stated that mission involves the sending out of agents across frontiers. However, he gave as a model for mission - ‘mission to the new urban poor', and this model of mission is done locally, without ‘crossing frontiers'. In this writer's view, mission means to cross, a distance, barrier or separation. It is to go across miles, languages or cultures. It is not what is done that makes our ministry mission; it is where we do it. When we leave our comfort zones and crossing into another culture, then we are obeying Christ to do mission.
Newman's history of Christian mission in the Caribbean was well presented. He cites many good examples, revealing his knowledge of the subject. This writer is tempted to agree with Newman. Caribbean churches are involved in cross – cultural missions and ministry to local communities. However, only a minority of this figure is seriously involved in missions (cross – cultural). Most of the church's budget is spent on developing their own local church; while very little is given to support missions. The writer therefore believes that the Caribbean church has responded to the Great Commission. However, in this modern era not many persons are seriously concerned about service to other countries.

Conclusion
Las G. Newman states that the Caribbean Church has been responding to the needs of foreign lands and also to the needs at home. According to him, from the 19th century the Caribbean has demonstrated full awareness of its obligation to the Great Commission.
This writer has tried to show that the Caribbean church has responded to the Great Commission but not to its fullest. More Caribbean churches need to become involved in cross – cultural missions.
Reference List

Banks, William L. 1991. In Search of the Great Commission – what did Jesus really say?
Chicago: Moody Bible Institute.

Winter, Ralph D. and Steven C. Hawthorne. Perspectives on the World Christian
Movement 3rd Edition. California: William Carey Library.

Wycliffe Caribbean. Go with my Word. Issue 2 of 2003

www. gpch.org/missions/what is mission. asp
Return to 123HelpMe.com