The pilgrimage was believed by Christians a major act by which a person could reduce their exposure to the tortures of purgatory after death (Asbridge 21). The Islamic forces had overwhelmed the Iberian Peninsula in 711 CE. There advance was so strong that only the might of Charlemagne's grandfather Charles the hammer could turn them back from the boarders of France and the heartlands of Latin Christendom(Asbridge 17). The Muslims left the Christians with only a thin slice of territory in the north. The kingdoms of Western Europe were loosely described as “Feudal” (“Crusades”).Although the Latin states where still backwards compared to other civilizations along the Mediterranean basin, Western Europe had accumulated a significant amount of power by the eleventh century (“Crusades”).
The first crusade was preached by Pope Urban II November 27, 1095 in Clermont, France. In this sermon Pope Urban II repackaged the concept of “sanctified violence” in a devotional format that was familiar, convincing, and attractive to the population (Asbridge 37). The Pope preached a sermon of salvation to the Christians....
... middle of paper ...
...nline Encyclopedia." Encyclopedia - Britannica Online Encyclopedia. Web. 25 Mar. 2011.
Foster, M. "Antioch - A Brief Crusades History." Medieval Crusades Splash/Home Page. Web. 25 Mar. 2011.
Hickman, Kennedy. "Siege of Jerusalem - Crusades Siege of Jerusalem 1099." Military History - Warfare through the Ages - Battles and Conflicts - Weapons of War - Military Leaders in History. Web. 25 Mar.2011.
Riley-Smith J. Oxford Illustrated History of the Crusades. Oxford University Press, Oxford, pp. 1-2, 2001.
"Siege of Nicaea, 14 May-19 June 1097 ." Military History Encyclopedia on the Web. Web. 25 Mar. 2011.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- The welting heat, full armor, horse mounted knights with lance and shield in hand, waited on the anticipation of the sound of a horn or wave of a flag to begin the tournament. This would indicate the commencement of the jousting event. A form of personnel combat in order to settle a variety of issues ranging from honor, rank, disputes and or overall prizes to the victor .These events were live, they had men dueling with lances on horseback even hand to hand combat with swords and shields. These were exhilarating events, the sounds, crashes and the echoes of the swords hammering their opponents shields, and the visual impact of the lances hitting there target and knocking there victims off th... [tags: expansion, feudalism, violence]
652 words (1.9 pages)
- The definition of belief is the trust, faith, or confidence in someone or something. It is the sole source of power for any idea, opinion, and most importantly, religion. A belief can relent the possibility of anything to happen. The only thing that matters is what the belief is put into, whose faith is put into what. Time stretches and ignites the way for people to conquer anyone or anything, to topple buildings and strain people to unimaginable limits. In times such as the Middle Ages, also known as the Medieval Period, belief was common and death, a result of it, even more so.... [tags: Crusades, Middle Ages, First Crusade]
1195 words (3.4 pages)
- ... Great examples of the impact crusades had on the life in Europe were stories told about the Crusaders; not all of them could be proven to be true. The Children’s Crusade is the event in the history, which generated so much controversy, that it is hard to tell the myths from the facts. In his book “The Children’s Crusade” Gary Dickson carefully brings all the facts forth, revealing along the way, many fascinating aspects of early medieval culture. It has been said that around 30,000 children of 1212 (France or Germany) set out to recover Jerusalem and the True Cross in medieval Europe's first youth movement.... [tags: military expeditions, forcing religion]
1525 words (4.4 pages)
- War can often be considered an evil act, an act of aggression against another country for economic or social gain, or can be considered a noble event of justice, a defense mechanism of a protectorate country helping a country in need. However, sometimes the issue of war is mingled with religion, which brings the value of war into question. In some religions, war is considered noble and a gateway to heaven. A jihad in Islam is an example of this type, where some Muslims believe that attacking the “infidel” is considered strong promotion of their religion.... [tags: Christian Crusades, Terrorist Attacks, Jihad]
2133 words (6.1 pages)
- The crusades were a series of military expeditions undergone by the Christian armies of the eleventh and twelfth centuries directed against Muslim controlled areas of the eastern Mediterranean (Cowper 40). Although there were many reasons for the start of the crusades, the main cause was that the Muslim control of the holy land was a disgrace, and considered a threat to Christianity’s livelihood (Toler 140). With the holy cities of Jerusalem and Palestine being in Muslim control Christianity as a whole saw its influence in the world begin to weaken, so the leaders of the Christian religion came together as a entirety and determined it was time to regain their beloved holy land through means... [tags: military expeditions, Christian armies, history]
1612 words (4.6 pages)
- Power struggles have always been occurrences that have had the ability to plague an entire nation. While evidence of this fact can be seen all throughout history, it is especially evident within medieval times. Specifically, power struggles developed between the Roman church and various groups such as non-believers, Muslims, kings, and even common people all throughout the High Middle Ages. As a result, Christian fighters, known as “crusades,” were asked to fight for their beliefs by the pope in order to take back land that non-believers lived on as well as eliminate anyone who challenged the authority of the church hierarchy.... [tags: Religion, Power Struggles, Christian Church]
2550 words (7.3 pages)
- How could the Christian church, which bases itself off kindness and peace, allow the Crusades to happen. The religion known to be loving of all was the cause of the most catastrophic occurrence in the late eleventh and late thirteenth centuries because of misconceptions and avarice of the pope. Of all of the religious wars fought, this was the one with the highest level of ridiculousness. Members of the church fought for all of the wrong reasons and the outcome was poor because of it. Even though the Crusades were justified by the false philosophies of both parties, they were overall beneficial economically.... [tags: Crusades, First Crusade, Byzantine Empire]
2071 words (5.9 pages)
- The attempted justification of the Crusades comes down to Islamophobia and ethnocentrism at its core. In a hypocritical argument, defenders of the Crusades unconditionally condemn Islam for attacking Christendom, but wholeheartedly condone Christendom for attacking Islam in the same way. This could be, in part, due to the Islamophobia that is currently plaguing our society. On the other hand, it could be the refusal to see that one’s own culture (or in this case, religion) might not always be the “right” or the most civilized one that there is, as people tend to prefer to believe.... [tags: Islam, Christianity, Crusades, Western world]
744 words (2.1 pages)
- The First Crusade was from 1096 to 1099. They were Christian military expeditions and religous wars proclaimed by the people. The purpose of the Crusades was to gain and keep control over Palestine from the Muslims. Palestine was also called the Holy Land because Jesus lived there. Alexius Compenus was a new ruler that came into power in Byzantium in 1081. Constentinople was in danger because the Seljuks threatened them, so Alexius first called for help to Pope Urban ll who presented a ten-day meeting telling people about Alexius's problem and that they needed to go to war with the Turks, which led to the first Crusade.... [tags: History World Crusades Christianity]
1091 words (3.1 pages)
- Crusades The chapter on The Crusades gives the proper dates of the Holy War, yet does not discuss in detail the information it has. The text is watered down for the grade level and it is written from a Western European viewpoint. A viewpoint that never discusses the feelings and motives of those who were being attacked. The chapter emphasizes the Christian's motives for starting The Crusades as a way to defend their territories and to "free the Holy Land from the Muslim infidels" (Armento, 296).... [tags: Crusades Research Papers]
1508 words (4.3 pages)