Chinese Religion: Tolerating Religious Freedom Under Modernization Essays

Chinese Religion: Tolerating Religious Freedom Under Modernization Essays

Length: 1198 words (3.4 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Strong Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

B. DENG Xiaoping (1982-1987): Tolerating Religious Freedom Under Modernization

After the death of Mao, Deng Xiaoping bought an end to class struggle and mass movement but adopted pragmatic governance to modernization and economic development. He realized China had eroded into a poverty-stricken society and stagnated economy as he acknowledged, “In a country as big and as poor as ours, if we don't try to increase production, how can we survive? How is socialism superior, when our people have so many difficulties in their lives?”

In face of the urgent need to revive eroded public confidence, Deng adopted a more liberal and subtle version of religious freedom policy to unite people from all walks of life. Deng did not reject the ideology of Marxism-Leninism but he perceived that further eradication of religious through coercive means would only disintegrate the society. On the balance of limiting religious expansion and uniting China along the way of Four Modernizations (in agriculture, industry, science and technology, and national defence), Deng tried to gain cooperation from non-communist intellectuals and patriotic religious leaders.

Document No. 19 Concerning Our Country’s Basic Standpoint and Policy on Religious Questions During the Socialist Period (the Document) was the official instrument published to illustrate the new “liberal” religious freedom policy in 1982 onwards. The thirty-page guideline synchronized with the intention of Li Weihan’s formulation thirty years ago: “the basic policy of the Party towards religion … is a long-term policy and one which must be carried out until religion totally disappears”. The Document talked through State’s policies to “win over, unite and educate the religious professional”...

... middle of paper ...

...jian mingpai shengdanshu bian shanghai (Christmas Tree With Brand Tag Found All Over Shanghai), (Kwongwah News, 24 December 2013), available at [accessed 20 May 2014]

Mingpao Special, Gangzhai jiaotang Wenzhou zaijing jiating jiaohui (Demolish Church; Underground Church Banned in Wenzhou) (Mingpao Daily, 9 May 2014)

Pingxiang City Chinese Communist Party Editorial Group, (ed.), “Anyuan lukuang gongren yundong” (“The Anyuan railway and mine workers’ movement”), Beijing Chinese Communist Party History Documents Press, Vol. 2 (2002), 45.

Singtao Daily, Dixia zhujiao chubin wuqian jiaotu songbie (Five Thousand Followers Farewell Underground Bishop At Funeral), (Singtao Daily, 23 March 2013), available at [accessed 20 May 2014]

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Ancient Chinese Civilization Essay

- A significant part of the ancient Chinese civilization was that it shared a common background that is longer than any other ethnic group on Earth. China mostly isolated and unknown to the outside world, was quietly progressing at a rate greater than or equal to other notable civilizations of the prehistoric world. China was composed of several dynasties. The dynastic cycle played a definitive role in the successions of Chinese empires. Each era’s achievements and failures influenced the next. The combined contributions from all the regimes, not only led to the success and progress of China, but defined it as well....   [tags: dynasties, China, technology, Chinese culture]

Strong Essays
898 words (2.6 pages)

Communism in Buddhist Tibet Essay

- Tibet was once a nation steeped in a rich religious culture that sought to spread Buddhism and happiness for all souls on earth. Today’s Tibetan Buddhist culture is merely a shadow of what it once was. Following the Chinese Communist invasion in 1950, Tibet went from what was once known as the “roof of the world” to being a region controlled by China. The Chinese government considers Tibet as a region they have held sovereignty over for centuries. However, the Dalai Lama refutes this claim and states that Tibet was independent of China and was colonized over time....   [tags: Chinese Invasion, Dalai Lama]

Strong Essays
2908 words (8.3 pages)

Religious Freedom in Japan Essay

- Japan became one of the most industrialize countries in the world; it has grown rapidly in the economic arena, however, religious liberty in Japan is still in maturing. Different from the United States and other Western countries in where the principle of separation of church and state took place, Japanese tradition continues with the usual patter in where governments control religion. Most Japanese people do not identify themselves adherent to a single religion; instead they incorporate different elements from various religions....   [tags: Materialistic Society, Religious Beliefs]

Strong Essays
1474 words (4.2 pages)

Chinese Religions and Human Conscience Essay

- The Chinese were the first to recognize that humans were fundamentally good and not primarily driven by selfish motives. Thousands of years ago Confucianism and Daoism taught the masses to believe in the better nature of people. In the present day, particularly in the United States, one could argue that the antediluvian Chinese were mistaken. Recently, it seems that humans are indeed driven by wealth, power, and fame. However, there is still one thing that precedes selfish goals and is a part of every sane human being, a conscience....   [tags: Chinese Religions, China, Religion, ]

Free Essays
421 words (1.2 pages)

Essay about The Modernization of China

- In 1978 Deng Xiaoping became the leader of China and began an ambitious program of economic reform. Under Deng Xiaoping’s modernization policies, the country was opened to the outside world that foreigners were encouraged to bring technical information and managerial knowledge to China. The new policies encouraged private and collective business, so that higher skill levels of workers were needed to develop the new China. My grandfather, Shidao Liu, is an exemplar of rural people who obtained opportunity to gain a satisfactory job during Deng’s era....   [tags: Deng Xiaoping, modenization policies]

Strong Essays
1746 words (5 pages)

Essay about The Modernization of Chinese Opera

- The topic of investigation is to determine whether the modernizations of Chinese operas justifiably portrayed China. The investigation will focus on Chinese operas from 1949-1976 and the government’s involvement during the Culture Revolution. Mao’s motivations to reform China are considered within this investigation and the relation between are explored. The two main sources selected for evaluation, Chinese Perspectives in Rhetoric and Communication by D. Ray Heisey and Red Azalea written by Anchee Min, will be evaluated for their origins, purposes, limitations, and values....   [tags: Culture ]

Strong Essays
1234 words (3.5 pages)

Religious Conflict Due to Immigration Essay

- Religious Conflict due to Immigration America is now known as one of the most religiously diverse nations that the world has today, but it hasn’t always been that way. This diversity is directly related to immigration from other nations who were escaping persecution for their particular religion. Over time, people became more accepting of the other religions and out diversity grew. In the late 1800s, immigration caused a big conflict with all of the different religions, but this conflict ended up helping create the religious diversity that we have now....   [tags: freedom, diversity, irish, religious persecution]

Strong Essays
1678 words (4.8 pages)

Freedom of Religious Expression in the American Military Essay

- Freedom of religion is one of the most fundamental rights that Americans possess. Freedom religion is not only mentioned in the Bill of Rights, but it is included in the very first of these rights. The founding fathers recognized this as very important to the American people because many colonists had come to the New World to escape religious persecution in Europe. In America, the attitude is moving more from an attitude of acceptance to one of mere tolerance and even disdain in some cases. The public and some leaders are denying many their constitutionally guaranteed right to free exercise of religion....   [tags: freedom religion, american military]

Strong Essays
1678 words (4.8 pages)

Sensitive List and Chinese Censorship Essay

- My project is an artistic book of illustrations that I have titled Sensitive List. To better understand my project, it is important to know about the cultural background as well as about the political and historical frameworks under which this project was conceived. Born and raised in China, I have grown up in a climate of strict political censorship and limited personal freedoms. One of the most chilling aspects of my culture is the government-generated “sensitive list”. Essentially, this list is comprised of over one thousand words - like “democracy” and “freedom” – which the Chinese government has banned its populace from using publicly....   [tags: chinese rulers, freedom]

Strong Essays
1304 words (3.7 pages)

Modernization Theory Essay

- Modernization Theory Modernization is the term used for the transition from the traditional society of the past to modern society as it is found today in the West. Modernization theory refers to a variety of non-Marxist perspectives which have been put forward to explain the development or underdevelopment of countries. Modernization theory is a model of economic and social development that explains global inequality in terms of differing levels of technological development among societies. Modernization theory presents the idea that by introducing modern methods in "technology, agricultural production for trade, and industrialization dependent on a mobile labour force," the underdeveloped...   [tags: Sociology Modernization Essays Papers]

Strong Essays
2522 words (7.2 pages)