Chinese Cultural Revolution : A Movement That Took Place Essay

Chinese Cultural Revolution : A Movement That Took Place Essay

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“Red Guards,” composed of the most active, the bravest and the firmest of the revolutionary students, packed the reviewing stands on both flanks of the Tienanmen gate and were scattered all about the square. Many of them were clad in khaki, with belts around the waist and red arm bands. These revolutionary students said that they were "Red Guards" for the defense of the Party Central Committee, Chairman Mao and Mao Zedong’s thought.[ Xinhua News Agency Release, August 19, 1966.]
Introduction
Chinese Cultural Revolution was a movement that took place from 1966 to 1976. Mao Zedong, Chairman of the Communist Party of China, launched it in May, 1966. Its goal was to preserve “true” Communist ideology and to impose Maoist thoughts. Mao asked the bourgeois elements being moved through violent class struggle. China’s youth responded Mao’s call by forming the Red Guard. First signs of the emergence of this youth group appeared at Beijing middle schools and universities in the spring of 1966. The appearance of the Da Zi Bao (big character poster) was at Beijing University on May 25th. It called for the dismissal of Beijing University president Lu Ping and marked the first official endorsement of Red Guard activity by Mao. With Mao’s endorsement, the majority of Beijing Red Guard took shape. The majority of Red Guard in other provinces did not take shape until the first Red Guard rally in Beijing on August 18.[ Juliana Pennington Heaslet, “The Red Guard: Instruments of Destruction in the Cultural Revolution.” Asian Survey 12, no.12, The Cultural Revolution and Its Aftermath (December 01, 1972): 1033, http://www.jstor.org (Accessed January 26, 2016).] Thus, this destructive movement of Chinese youth began. Their main actions were mostly atta...


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...ese society.[ Wagner Motifs]
The Red Guards’ actions during the Cultural Revolution were indeed highly parallel to Maoist thought. Zhang Hongbing, a former Red Guard, described the following incident that had happened in his family in an interview. Hongbing’s original name was Tiefu. He changed his name to Hongbing during the course of the Cultural revolution to demonstrate his absolute loyalty to Mao and his pride of being a Red Guard because “Hongbing” means Red Guard in Chinese. Hongbing had a harmonious family environment. When his mother, Fang Zhongmou, criticized Chairman Mao privately in their house, he and and his father reported her with the understanding that she will be killed. And she did. Hongbing said that he was not regretful for his action at that time, all that in his mind was that how his mother’s figure had suddenly changed to a class enemy’s figure

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